Advertisement

Investigating the Inline Design Measure in Existing Pressurized Steel Piping Systems

  • Mohamed FersiEmail author
  • Ali Triki
Conference paper
  • 63 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)

Abstract

This paper examined the effectiveness of the inline re-design strategy used to mitigate the cavitating flow into an existing steel piping system. This strategy is based on substituting a short-section of the transient sensitive region of the existing main pipe by another one made of (HDPE) or (LDPE) plastic material. The (1−D) pressurized pipe flow model based on the Ramos formulation was used to describe the flow behavior, along with the fixed grid Method of Characteristics being used for numerical computations. From the case studied, it was shown that such a technique could mitigate the undesirable cavitating flow onset. Besides, this strategy allowed positive-surge magnitude attenuation. It was also found that pressure rise or drop attenuation was slightly more important for the case using an (LDPE) inline plastic short-section than that using an (HDPE) one. Furthermore, results evidenced that other factors influencing the surge attenuation rate were related to the short-section dimensions.

Keywords

Design HDPE LDPE Method of characteristics Plastic material Ramos formulation Viscoelasticity Water-Hammer 

References

  1. 1.
    Aklonis JJ, MacKnight WJ, Shen M (1972) Introduction to polymer viscoelasticity. Wiley-Interscience, WileyGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bergant A, Simpson AR, Tijsseling A (2006) Waterhammer with column separation: a historical review. J Fluids Struct 22(2):135–171.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2005.08.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Besharat M, Tarinejad R, Ramos H (2015) The effect of water hammer on a confined air pocket towards flow energy storage system. J Water Supply Res Technol Aqua 65(2):116–126.  https://doi.org/10.2166/aqua.2015.081CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Brinson HF, Brinson LC (2008) Polymer engineering science and viscoelasticity: an introduction. SpringerGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chaudhry MH (2014) Applied hydraulic transient. Van Nostrand Reinhold CompanyGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ferry JD (1970) Viscoelastic properties of polymers, 2nd edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fersi M, Triki A (2018) Investigation on redesigning strategies for water-hammer control in pressurized-piping systems. J Press Vessel Technol Trans ASME.  https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4040136
  8. 8.
    Fersi M, Triki A (2019) Alternative design strategy for water-hammer control in pressurized-pipe flow. In: Fakhfakh T, Karra C, Bouaziz S, Chaari F, Haddar M (eds) Advances in acoustics and vibration II, ICAV 2018. Applied Condition Monitoring, vol 13, 135–144, Springer, pp 157–165.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-94616-0_16Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ghilardi P, Paoletti A (1986) Additional viscoelastic pipes as pressure surge suppressors. In: Proceedings of 5th international conference on pressure surges, Cranfield (UK), pp 113–121Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ghidaoui MS, Zhao M, Duncan AM, David HA (2005) A review of water-hammer theory and practice. Appl Mech Rev 58:49–76.  https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1828050CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Güney MS (1983) Water-hammer in viscoelastic pipes where cross-section parameters are time dependent. In: Proceedings of 4th international conference on pressure surges, BHRA, Bath, U.K, pp 189–209Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Moussou P, Gibert RJ, Brasseur G, Teygeman C, Ferrari J, Rit JF (2010) Relief instability of pressure valves in water pipes. Press Vessel Technol 132(4):041308.  https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4002164
  13. 13.
    Ramos H, Covas D, Borga A, Loureiro D (2004) Surge damping analysis in pipe systems: modelling and experiments? J Hydraul Res 42(4):413–425.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00221686.2004.9641209
  14. 14.
    Rosselló JM, Urteaga R, Bonetto FJ (2018) A novel water hammer device designed to produce controlled bubble collapses. Exp Therm Fluid Sci 92:46–55.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2017.11.016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Triki A (2016) Water-hammer control in pressurized-pipe flow using an in-line polymeric short-section. Acta Mech 227(3):777–793.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00707-015-1493-13
  16. 16.
    Triki A (2017) Water-Hammer control in pressurized-pipe flow using a branched polymeric penstock. J Pip Syst Eng Pract ASCE 8(4):04017024.  https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)PS.1949-1204.0000277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Triki A (2018) Further investigation on water-hammer control inline strategy in water-supply systems. J Water Suppl Res Technol AQUA 67(1): 30–43.  https://doi.org/10.2166/aqua.2017.073MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Triki A (2018) Dual-technique based inline design strategy for Water-Hammer control in pressurized-pipe flow. Acta Mech 229(5):2019–2039.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00707-017-2085-zCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Triki A, Fersi M (2018) Further investigation on the Water-Hammer control branching strategy in pressurized steel-piping systems. Int J Press Vessels Pip 165(C):135–144.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpvp.2018.06.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Triki A, Chaker MA (2019) Compound technique -based inline design strategy for water-hammer control in steel pressurized-piping systems. Int J Press Vessel Pip 169C:188–203.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpvp.2018.12.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wan W, Huang W (2011) Investigation on complete characteristics and hydraulic transient of centrifugal pump. J Mech Sci Technol 25:2583.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12206-011-0729-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wan W, Li F (2016) Sensitivity analysis of operational time differences for a pump-valve system on a water hammer response. J Press Vessel Technol Trans ASME 138(1):011303.  https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4031202
  23. 23.
    Wan W, Huang W (2018) Water hammer simulation of a series pipe system using the MacCormack time marching scheme. Acta Mech 229(7):3143–3160  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00707-018-2179-2MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wan W, Zhang B (2018) Investigation of water hammer protection in water supply pipeline systems using an intelligent self-controlled surge tank. Energies 11(6):1450.  https://doi.org/10.3390/en11061450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Weinerowska-Bords K (2006) Viscoelastic model of waterhammer in single pipeline—problems and questions. Arch Hydro-Eng Environ Mech 53(4):331–351. ISSN 1231–3726Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wylie EB, Streeter VL (1993) Fluid transients in systems. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Zang B, Wan W, Shi M (2018) Experimental and numerical simulation of water hammer in gravitational pipe flow with continuous air entrainment. Water 10(7):928.  https://doi.org/10.3390/w10070928CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MechanicsNational Engineering School of Sfax, University of SFAXSfaxTunisia
  2. 2.Research Unit: Mechanics, Modelling Energy and Materials M2EMNational Engineering School of Sfax, University of SFAXSfaxTunisia

Personalised recommendations