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Depressive Disorders

  • Kurt FritzscheEmail author
  • Sonia Diaz Monsalve
  • Jing Wei
  • Frank Kuan-Yu Chen
  • Kim Viet Nguyen
  • Van Tuan Nguyen
  • Catherine Abbo
  • Catharina Marika Dobos
Chapter

Abstract

According to the World Health Organization, depression is the most frequent mental disorder. Its main symptoms are depressive mood, lack of interest, and fatigue. The mental illness of depression must be differentiated from common periods of sadness or grief. Basic interventions include providing the patient with information about the cause and treatment of depression, accompanying and supporting the patient, as well as gradually reactivating the patient. Patients with mild depression can successfully be treated with psychotherapy, whereas patients with moderate to severe depression need psychotherapy as well as antidepressant drugs. Patients with risk of suicide must be identified. Interventions for suicide prevention are described.

Keywords

Sadness and grief Depressive episode Dysthymia Suicide prevention Antidepressive drugs Suicidality 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kurt Fritzsche
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sonia Diaz Monsalve
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jing Wei
    • 3
  • Frank Kuan-Yu Chen
    • 4
  • Kim Viet Nguyen
    • 5
    • 6
  • Van Tuan Nguyen
    • 5
    • 6
  • Catherine Abbo
    • 7
  • Catharina Marika Dobos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and PsychotherapyCenter for Mental Health, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  2. 2.ZMG Centre for Medicine and SocietyUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  3. 3.Department of Psychological MedicinePeking Union Medical College HospitalBeijingChina
  4. 4.Blossom Clinic of Psychosomatic MedicineTaipeiTaiwan
  5. 5.Department of PsychiatryHanoi Medical UniversityHanoiVietnam
  6. 6.National Institute of Mental HealthBach Mai HospitalHanoiVietnam
  7. 7.Makerere UniversityCollege of Health SciencesKampalaUganda

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