The Doctor–Patient Relationship

  • Kurt FritzscheEmail author
  • Sonia Diaz-Monsalve
  • Catherine Abbo
  • Farzad Goli
  • Catharina Marika Dobos


There are three types of doctor–patient relationships: the paternalistic model, the service or consumer model, and the partnership model. Depending on the patient, the situation, and the personality of the physician, the right model should be chosen. There are advantages and disadvantages of each model. The humanistic psychotherapy founded by Carl R. Rogers describes three basic attitudes that promote successful relationship formation: empathy, congruence (authenticity), and unconditional appreciation.


The physician as a drug Empathy Congruence Unconditional positive regard Partnership model Shared decision-making 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kurt Fritzsche
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sonia Diaz-Monsalve
    • 1
    • 2
  • Catherine Abbo
    • 3
  • Farzad Goli
    • 4
    • 5
  • Catharina Marika Dobos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and PsychotherapyCenter for Mental Health, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  2. 2.ZMG Centre for Medicine and SocietyUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  3. 3.Makerere University, College of Health SciencesKampalaUganda
  4. 4.Department of Bioenergy EconomyEnergy Medicine UniversityMill ValleyUSA
  5. 5.Danesh-e Tandorosti InstituteIsfahanIran

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