Mental Health in India: Perspectives for Psychosomatic Medicine

  • Gayatri Salunkhe
  • Matthias Braeunig


India has seen tremendous advancements in the field of mental health over the past decades. Yet, India, the world’s second most populated country, continues to contribute disproportionately to the global burden of disease compared to the other middle-income and neighbouring countries. According to the National Survey of Mental Health Resources, a striking deficit of 77% psychiatrists, 97% clinical psychologists and 90% social workers was reported against a standard reference of 1 psychiatrist, 1.5 clinical psychologists and 2 social workers per 100,000 persons. The high demand for mental health services and the overcrowding of medical facilities in India increase the possibility that the mental health element contributing to somatization may go untreated by medical practitioners.


Cultural impact Traditional psychosomatic medical systems Treatment gap Psychosomatic medicine Improving mental health-care coverage 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gayatri Salunkhe
    • 1
  • Matthias Braeunig
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Medicine and Society, Biological Anthropology, Faculty of Medicine, University of FreiburgFreiburg im BreisgauGermany
  2. 2.Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and PsychotherapyMedical Center - University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of FreiburgFreiburg im BreisgauGermany

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