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Transcending Dualism: Deconstructing Colonial Vestiges in Ghana’s Treaty Law and Practice

  • Godwin E. K. DzahEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

In line with its common law heritage, Ghana identifies as a dualist state. It follows that when Ghana ratifies a treaty, it must incorporate the treaty in order for the treaty to be domestically inapplicable. However, Ghana is more dualist in pronouncement than in practice; rendering rights-conferring treaties including the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights inapplicable or uncertain within Ghana law. Drawing on Third World Approaches to International Law, this chapter makes three propositions: that the monist–dualist divide is blurred as there is a progressive effort at transcending this divide; that Ghana’s mechanistic and continual observance of dualism is to be beholden to colonial legacies that ill-serve its interests; and, that the purpose of rights-conferring treaties can only be realised through a proactive approach by the courts, and the complementary, joint effort of the Executive and Parliament to domesticate these treaties.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Doctoral Candidate, Allard School of Law, University of British Columbia (Canada); LLM (Harvard); QCL (Gh. Sch. Law); LLB, BA (Univ. of Ghana). I gratefully acknowledge Gideon Gabor and Mawuse Barker-Vormawor for their probing questions and invaluable feedback. I would also like to thank the Canadian Council on International Law for supporting my research through the award of the John Peters Humphrey Fellowship.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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