Probabilistic Verification for Reliable Network-on-Chip System Design

  • Benjamin LewisEmail author
  • Arnd Hartmanns
  • Prabal Basu
  • Rajesh Jayashankara Shridevi
  • Koushik Chakraborty
  • Sanghamitra Roy
  • Zhen Zhang
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11687)


The design of modern network-on-chip (NoC) systems faces reliability challenges due to process and environmental variations. Peak power supply noise (PSN) in the power delivery network of a NoC device plays a critical role in determining reliable operations: PSN typically leads to voltage droop, which can cause timing errors in the NoC router pipelines. Existing simulation-based approaches cannot provide rigorous, worst-case reliability guarantees on the probabilistic behaviors of PSN. To address this problem, this paper takes a significant step in formally analyzing PSN in modern NoCs. Specifically, we present a probabilistic model checking approach for the rigorous characterization of PSN for a generic central router of a large mesh-NoC system, under the Round Robin scheduling mechanism with a uniform random network traffic load. Defining features for PSN are extracted at the behavioral level to facilitate property formulation. Several abstract models have been derived for the central router’s concrete model based on the observations of its arbiter’s conflict resolution behavior. Probabilistic modeling and verification are performed using the Modest Toolset. Results show significant scalability of our abstract models, and reveal key PSN characteristics that are indicative of NoC design and optimization.


Probabilistic model checking Network-on-chip Reliability analysis Power supply noise 



Arnd Hartmanns was supported by NWO VENI grant 639.021.754. Benjamin Lewis, Prabal Basu, Rajesh Jayashankara Shridevi, Koushik Chakraborty, and Sanghamitra Roy were supported in part by National Science Foundation (NSF) grants CAREER-1253024, CNS-1421022, and CNS-1421068. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the NSF.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Utah State UniversityLoganUSA
  2. 2.University of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

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