“CREA”: An Inquiry-Based Methodology to Teach Robotics to Children

  • Maria Blancas
  • Cristina Valero
  • Anna Mura
  • Vasiliki Vouloutsi
  • Paul F. M. J. VerschureEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1023)


Learning programming and robotics offers the opportunity to practice problem-solving, creativity, and team-work and it provides important competencies to train for the 21st century. However, programming can be challenging, and children may encounter difficulties in learning the syntax or using the coding environment. To address this issue, we have developed a methodology for teaching programming, design and robotics based on inquiry-based learning and hands-on oriented activities together with visual programming. We have applied and evaluated this new methodology within the extracurricular activity of an international elementary school in Barcelona. Our findings showed acquisition and learning of technical language, understanding of electronics devices, understanding the mapping of coding into action via the robot’s behavior. This suggests that our approach is a valid and effective teaching methodology for the instructional design of robotics and programming.


Educational technology Instructional design Robotics 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Blancas
    • 1
    • 4
  • Cristina Valero
    • 1
  • Anna Mura
    • 1
  • Vasiliki Vouloutsi
    • 1
  • Paul F. M. J. Verschure
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Synthetic Perceptive Emotive Cognitive Systems (SPECS) GroupInstitute for Bioengineering of Catalonia (IBEC)BarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA)BarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST)BarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Pompeu Fabra University (UPF)BarcelonaSpain

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