Advertisement

Mechanisms of Therapeutic Change

  • Theodore WassermanEmail author
  • Lori Drucker Wasserman
Chapter
Part of the Neural Network Model: Applications and Implications book series (NNMAI)

Abstract

Mechanisms of therapeutic change are rarely studied in psychotherapy. It is truly remarkable that after decades of psychotherapy research, clinical researchers cannot confidently provide an evidence-based explanation for how or why even our most effective interventions produce change. There are few studies and of these almost none meet the criteria of establishing an associated time line between the mechanism and behavior change

Keywords

Transtheoretical model of change Continuum models of change Subthalamic nucleus Status quo Accumulation-to-bound models 

References

  1. Bergman, H., Wichmann, T., & DeLong, M. (1990). Reversal of experimental parkinsonism by lesions of the subthalamic nucleus. Science, 249, 1436–1438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dinner, I., Johnson, E., Goldstein, D., & Liu, K. (2010, November 28). Partitioning default effects: Why people choose not to choose. Retrieved from Columbia.edu: https://www0.gsb.columbia.edu/mygsb/faculty/research/pubfiles/5279/partitioning%20default%20effects.pdf.
  3. Fleming, S., Thomas, C., & Dolan, R. (2010, March 30). Overcoming status quo bias in the human brain. PNAS, 107(13), 6005–6009.  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0910380107.
  4. Kazdin, A., & Nock, M. (2003). Delineating mechanisms of change in child and adolescent therapy: Methodological issues and research recommendations. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44(8), 1116–1129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Lambert, M. (2013). Outcome in therapy: The past and important advances. Psychotherapy, 50(1), 42–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Mulder, M., Wagenmakers, E., Ratcliff, R., Boekel, W., & Forstmann, B. (2012, February 15). Bias in the brain: A diffusion model analysis of prior probability and potential payoff. Journal of Neuroscience, 32(7), 2335–2343.  https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4156-11.2012.
  7. Nirenberg, A., Peterson, T., & Alpert, J. (2003). Prevention of relapse and recurrence in depression: The role of long-term pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 64(suppl 15), 13–17.Google Scholar
  8. Niv, Y., Daw, N., Joel, D., & Dyan, P. (2007). Tonic dopamine: opportunity costsand the control of response vigor. Psychopharmacology, 191, 507–520.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-006-0502-4.
  9. Prochaska, J., & DiClemente, C. (1983). Stages and processes of self change toward an integrative model of change. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 51(3), 390–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Rungratsameetaweemana, N., Itthipuripat, S., Salazar, A., & Serences, J. (2018). Expectations do not alter early sensory processing during perceptual decision-making. Journal of Neuroscience, 38 (24), 5632–5648.  https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3638-17.2018.
  11. Samuelson, W., & Zeckhauser, R. (1988). Status Quo bias in decision making. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 1, 7–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Schultz, W., Dayan, P., & Montague, P. (1997). A neural substrate of prediction and reward. Science, 275, 1593–1599.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Smith, A., Ming, L., Becker, S., & Kapur, S. (2004). A model of antipsychotic action in conditioned avoidance: A computational approach. Neuropsychopharmacology, 29, 1040–1049.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1974). Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases. Science, 185(4157), 1124–1131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Waelti, P., Dickinson, A., & Schultz, W. (2001). Dopamine responses comply with basic assumptions of formal learning theory. Nature, 412, 43–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Webb, T., & Sheeren, P. (2006, March). Does changing behavioral intentions engender behavior change? A meta-analysis of the experimental evidence. Psychological Bulletin, 132(2), 249–268, 249–268.Google Scholar
  17. Weersing, V., & Weisz, J. (2002). Mechanisms of action in youth psychotherapy. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43, 3–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Neurocognitive Learning TherapyWasserman & Drucker PABoca RatonUSA

Personalised recommendations