Perineural Adjuvants

  • Fernando AlemannoEmail author


The authors take in consideration various adjuvants added to local anesthetics to prolong postoperative analgesia: epinephrine, sodium bicarbonate, clonidine, dexmedetomidine, dexamethasone, midazolam, buprenorphine, tramadol, thiamine.


Perineural adjuvants Postoperative analgesia Epinephrine Sodium-bicarbonate Alpha2-agonists Dexamethasone Midazolam Opiates NMDA antagonists Thiamine 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Anaesthesia and Intensive CareBrescia Clinical InstitutesBresciaItaly

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