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Sedation and Delirium

  • Timothy D. GirardEmail author
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Abstract

Intensive care unit patients frequently experience pain, anxiety, and/or agitation, prompting treatment with analgesics and sedatives. Care should be taken when treating pain and agitation since oversedation and delirium are also common in the ICU, where they are associated with poor outcomes. A growing body of evidence supports close monitoring for pain, agitation, and delirium during critical illness, minimizing sedation, and eliminating risk factors for delirium. This chapter highlights these principles of ICU management within the context of a specific case, reviewing the evidence and making recommendations that will lead to improved outcomes in the ICU.

Keywords

Delirium Intensive care Mechanical ventilation Pain Sedation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Clinical Research, Investigation, and Systems Modeling of Acute illness (CRISMA) Center in the Department of Critical Care MedicineUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA

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