Hypertensive Crises

  • Benjamin B. Kenigsberg
  • Christopher F. BarnettEmail author


Hypertensive crisis is a common medical emergency involving organ damage in the setting of uncontrolled hypertension. The degree of organ damage does not correlate directly with the degree of blood pressure elevation. Prompt treatment with intravenous anti-hypertensive medications is essential to management.


Hypertension Hypertensive urgency Hypertensive emergency Hypertensive crisis Malignant hypertension Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) Hypertensive encephalopathy Flash pulmonary edema Acute renal failure 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benjamin B. Kenigsberg
    • 1
  • Christopher F. Barnett
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.MedStar Heart and Vascular InstituteMedStar Washington Hospital CenterWashington, DCUSA

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