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Enhancement of Active Constituents of Medicinal Plants Through the Use of Microbes

  • Charu Gupta
  • Dhan Prakash
Chapter

Abstract

The traditional system of medicine plays a pivotal role in primary health care for the prevention and treatment of various ailments. Plants are an important source of biologically active compounds with therapeutic properties. These active compounds are commonly called as phytoconstituents or phytochemicals and are of significant importance in the efficacy of medicinal plants. These are mainly produced in those plants which are under stressful conditions. The amount of phytochemicals varies from plant to plant, and their concentration depends on location, local climate, and types of soil. Medicinal plants are normally collected from their natural and wild habitat, but now due to their growing market demand by the pharmaceutical industries, they are also cultivated. However, the cultivated plants may have lower efficacy due to the presence of lower amounts of active ingredients. This chapter focuses on the role and interactions of microbes with medicinal plants, impact on their functional efficacy, and possible synergistic role in quantitative enhancement of bioactive phytoconstituents.

Keywords

Medicinal plants Phytochemicals Active constituents Microbes Plant-microbe interaction 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge Dr. Ashok K. Chauhan, Founder President, Amity Group of Institutions, and Mr. Atul Chauhan, Chancellor, Amity University UP, Noida, for the encouragement, research facilities, and financial support.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charu Gupta
    • 1
  • Dhan Prakash
    • 1
  1. 1.Amity Institute of Herbal Research & Studies, Amity University Uttar PradeshNoidaIndia

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