Bioremediation Approaches for E-waste Management: A Step Toward Sustainable Environment

  • Toqeer AhmedEmail author
  • Irfan Liaqat
  • Rabbia Murtaza
  • Anjum Rasheed
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 57)


Electronic waste commonly known as e-waste is becoming an important concern all over the world and has life-threatening effects on both human and the environment as it comprises toxic metals and emissions like chlorofluorocarbons. E-waste comprises both hazardous and valued materials demanding distinct management and recycling techniques to evade adverse ecological effect and detrimental impact on human well-being. Inappropriate recycling practices and release of toxic chemicals from the e-waste can damage human health including lung diseases, cancer, and mental and reproductive health. Children are most vulnerable to toxic metals. Transport of hazardous wastes in the form of electronic products from developed to developing countries is increasing health risks, and less attention has been paid on this matter during the past two decades. It is highly recommended to raise awareness about the health hazards related to e-waste. In this chapter, toxicity, health concern, bioremediation approaches for e-waste management (EWM), international regulations, and e-waste issues with reference to Pakistan perspective have been discussed in detail.


Bioremediation E-waste management Sustainable environment 



The authors highly acknowledge the resources used from the Centre for Climate Research and Development (CCRD), COMSATS University Islamabad.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toqeer Ahmed
    • 1
    Email author
  • Irfan Liaqat
    • 1
  • Rabbia Murtaza
    • 1
  • Anjum Rasheed
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Climate Research and Development (CCRD)COMSATS University IslamabadIslamabadPakistan

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