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Effects of E-waste on Immune System of Preschool Children

  • Naseer Ali ShahEmail author
  • Jadoon Khan
  • Azmat Ullah Jan
  • Ijaz Ali
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 57)

Abstract

Electronic waste (e-waste) is one of the growing issues globally. Various components of e-waste including lead, nickel, cadmium, aluminum, and various hazardous gases releasing from the burning of these materials are responsible for various health issues, especially for the impairment of immune system in preschool children. In this chapter, we report that various e-waste materials are involved in the impairment of the immune system, decrease level of immunoglobulins against viruses, defected level of CD4 and CD8 immune cells, hypersensitivity reactions, lower level of various interleukins which includes IL-6, IL-1b, and IL-27, and lower level of NK cells formation and CR1 level in preschool children. This chapter shows that children of preschool age are more susceptible to various e-waste materials and having more chances of immune impairment functions.

Keywords

Effects E-waste Immune system Preschool children 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naseer Ali Shah
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jadoon Khan
    • 2
  • Azmat Ullah Jan
    • 1
  • Ijaz Ali
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiosciencesCOMSATS University IslamabadIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of MicrobiologyQuaid I Azam University IslamabadIslamabadPakistan

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