Self-Determination of Peoples
International law is more inclined to accept and advance remedial right approaches to secession. Yet, as these approaches may produce undue discriminations and perverse incentives, an ideal primary right to secede is defended for the sake of international peace and justice. Recognition of such a right under general international law is nevertheless a non-realistic utopia, since States are the principal lawmakers and many of them are neither liberal nor democratic. Therefore, this chapter revisits several ideas to improve remedialism in international law while pointing out that more utopic regulations can be pursued through international treaties among liberal-democratic subjects.