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Advancements and Challenges Affecting Wind Turbine Implementation in the Member States of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC Countries)

  • Abdul Salam DarwishEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Innovative Renewable Energy book series (INREE)

Abstract

GCC countries have recently started to take the renewable energy way, contrary to their most important possession of non-renewable energy. Sustainable, green and smart buildings are the main topics that governments are interested in. In this respect, the growing populations and growth in urbanization in these nations have increased the demand for energy. Integrating renewable energy sources is a challenge that has to be overcome to achieve the pronounced energy targets for each country in the region. Wind technology deployment in this region had to fight for legitimacy among more fully established alternatives. It has come into practice as the technology itself has been developed to operate efficiently in the low wind speed areas. In spite of these technological breakthroughs and modest improvements, challenges to achieve cost-effectiveness in the more moderate wind speed regimes located closer to large load centres still exist, while avoiding transmission congestion points as much as possible. Many attempts to install these systems have been successful. Hurdles still hold back the deployment of more wind systems across many promising locations in the GCC. Wind technology has faced many barriers such as cost, siting, transmission, and market entry. However, many of those have disappeared as the cost is coming down over the years. Public awareness in the GCC region has improved which encourages investors to start installing these systems. This chapter discusses the feasibility of the anticipated improvements in technology that will be seen in the next decade which could make it more attractive to all investors in the region and place recommendations for efficient systems that could bring into service wind farms able to meet the energy target for those countries.

Keywords

Wind energy Wind turbine development Renewable energy GCC energy Barriers and challenges to wind energy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Phoenix Renewable Energy CentreManchesterUK
  2. 2.University of BoltonBoltonUK

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