Injury Severity Scoring

  • Luis Fernando Spagnuolo Brunello
  • Phillipe Abreu
  • Gustavo Justo Schulz
  • Flavio Saavedra Tomasich
  • Jonathan Meizoso
  • Enrique Ginzburg


The injury severity scores can estimate the prognosis and risk of complications after a trauma. They serve as important adjuncts in triage, patient care, and research. Furthermore, they can be used for evaluation of hospital resource utilization and cost-effectiveness studies in trauma. They consist of complex mathematical equations in which variable qualitative and quantitative data are standardized and transformed into a single value, which represents the clinical conditions and prognosis of the patient shortly after injury.


Injury Severity Score (ISS) Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) New Injury Severity Score (NISS) Anatomic Profile Score (APS) Organ Injury Scale (OIS) Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) Revised Trauma Score (RTS) Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) A Severity Characterization of Trauma (ASCOT) Trauma and Injury Severity Score Comorbidity (TRISSCOM) 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luis Fernando Spagnuolo Brunello
    • 1
  • Phillipe Abreu
    • 1
  • Gustavo Justo Schulz
    • 2
  • Flavio Saavedra Tomasich
    • 1
  • Jonathan Meizoso
    • 3
    • 4
  • Enrique Ginzburg
    • 5
  1. 1.Iwan Collaço Trauma Research Group, Department of SurgeryHospital do Trabalhador Trauma Center, Federal University of ParanaCuritibaBrazil
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryHospital do Trabalhador Trauma Center, Federal University of ParanaCuritibaBrazil
  3. 3.Ryder Trauma Center - Jackson Health SystemMiamiUSA
  4. 4.Miller School of Medicine, University of MiamiMiamiUSA
  5. 5.Division of Trauma Surgery & Critical Care, DeWitt Daughtry Family Department of SurgeryMiller School of Medicine, University of MiamiMiamiUSA

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