A head trauma is any injury that results in trauma to the skull, scalp, or brain. Every patient with a suspected head trauma should initially undergo a focused neurological examination which consists of the Glasgow Coma Scale Score (GCS), plus pupillary reactivity, that classifies the traumatic brain injury (TBI) as mild, moderate, or severe. Mild TBI is defined as GCS 14 or 15. In victims of a moderate (GCS between 9 and 13) and a severe (GCS equal or lower than 8) TBI, respiratory and hemodynamic conditions, cervical control, and the involvement of other surgical specialties should be prioritized to determine the presence or nature of associated lesions in other organs and systems. Intracranial lesions are accurately diagnosed by computed tomography and can be classified as focal (epidural hematomas, subdural hematomas, multiple or isolated intracerebral contusions) or diffuse (subarachnoid hemorrhage and diffuse axonal lesion).
KeywordsTraumatic brain injury Glasgow Coma Scale Score (GCS) Intracranial lesions Trauma Head injury
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