Social Capital and the Quality of Life of Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Comparison Between Bedouin Fathers and Mothers
Purpose: The present study examined the differences and relationships between Social Capital and the Quality of Life of Bedouin fathers and mothers of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). These relationships have not yet been studied in Bedouin community, nor have the differences between the two groups been studied.
Methods: A total of 200 parents of children with ASD participated in this study. The parents were asked to complete three questionnaires on demography, Social Capital questionnaire, and Quality of Life questionnaire.
Results: The findings show that fathers of children with ASD report a higher Quality of Life (physical, mental, and environmental) than mothers. It was also found that despite the positive relationships between the components of Social Capital (Bonding, Bridging, and Linking) and the components of Quality of Life (physical, mental, and environmental) for the general sample, these relationships were stronger among Bedouin fathers of children with ASD than among mothers.
Conclusions: The findings of the current study highlight the need to invest resources in increasing Social Capital, as it is a factor that contributes to a higher Quality of Life, especially among Bedouin mothers of children with ASD. This population is at risk due to aspects of Social Capital, particularly bridging and linking Social Capital, compared to Bedouin fathers of children with ASD.
KeywordsSocial capital Quality of life Parents Autism spectrum disorders Bedouin
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