Achieving Equal Opportunity and Justice

  • Laneshia ConnerEmail author


Contending with structural inequality and injustices that have accumulated over the life course of older adults from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups is challenging. Sexual minorities are often invisible and face stigma, which creates a reluctance to self-identify. In addition, there is the intersection of ethnicity, race, gender, and class and its impact on inequality. These disadvantages make it difficult for older adults to achieve their maximum potential in life. This chapter addresses these issues through the lens of cultural humility, an intentional awareness of suspending presuppositions about a group. Cumulative inequality theory is also discussed as it offers a comprehensive examination of factors that shape older adult lives, especially an older adult who also identifies as a sexual minority. Specific strategies for practitioners, organizations, and policymakers are offered. By considering these strategies, achieving equal opportunities for a growing cohort is possible.


Cumulative inequality Transgender LGBT Long-term care Cultural humility Racial and ethnic Injustice 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social WorkSpalding UniversityLouisvilleUSA

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