Weight Loss and Tuberculin Skin Test Anergy

  • Léila Dangou
  • Medeton Grâce Hounkpe
  • Josephiel Fortunato
  • Crescent Darius Cossou-Gbeto


  • The mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) is a rapid screening test for malnutrition

  • The weight/height index reflects a recent loss or gain of weight

  • The weight-for-age index best reflects child’s status as being under/overweight

  • The size-for-age index is an indicator of stunting


Mean upper arm circumference Weight-for-age Malnutrition 


  1. 1.
    World Health Organization, United Nations Children’s Fund. WHO growth standards and identification of severe acute malnutrition in children. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2009.Google Scholar
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    World Health Organization. Moderate malnutrition.
  3. 3.
    Ibrahim M, Zambruni M, Melby C, Melby P. Impact of childhood malnutrition on host defense and infection. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2017;30(4):919–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chandrasekaran P, Saravanan N, Bethunaickan R, Tripathy S. Malnutrition: modulator of immune responses in tuberculosis. Front Immunol. 2017;8:1316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Léila Dangou
    • 1
  • Medeton Grâce Hounkpe
    • 2
  • Josephiel Fortunato
    • 3
  • Crescent Darius Cossou-Gbeto
    • 4
  1. 1.Pediatric DepartmentBethesda Hospital in CotonouCotonouBenin
  2. 2.ENT DepartmentUniversity Hospital Hubert Koutoucou Maga of CotonouCotonouBenin
  3. 3.Pediatric DepartmentGoho Hospital Center of AbomeyAbomeyBenin
  4. 4.Internal Medicine, Hematology and Oncology DepartmentAix-en-Provence Hospital CenterAix-en-ProvenceFrance

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