The Young Aspiring Singer

  • Debra Jean PhylandEmail author
  • Neil A. Vallance


We must emphasise that we have found children’s vocal folds seem to be highly robust and resilient. Almost all use-related voice concerns can be averted expediently especially for the singing child who invariably has a greater interest or investment in vocal recovery and a unique and relatively higher insight into their individual vocal capabilities, than non-singers. High levels of vocal fitness can be achieved and seemingly extended with expert guidance, appropriate singing training, and positive singing experiences. With optimal efficiency and balance among the power, source, and filter aspects of voice, appropriate vocal repertoire and singing conditions, the young singer can happily ‘load’ the voice, singing healthily with endurance levels that may exceed our expectations in view of their size and stature.


Singers Voice training Young singers in professional industry Vocal development Children and singing 


  1. 1.
    Hargreaves DJ. The development of artistic and musical competence. In: Deliege I, Sloboda J, editors. Musical beginnings. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1996. p. 145–70.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sundberg J. Emotive transforms. Phonetica. 2000;57(2–4):95–112.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Thurman L, Welch GF, editors. Bodymind and voice: foundations of voice education. revised ed. Iowa City: National Center for Voice and Speech; 2000.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Welch GF. Singing and vocal development. In: The child as musician: a handbook of musical development; 2006. p. 311–29. Scholar
  5. 5.
    O’Connor JC. The cultural significance of the child star. New York: Routledge; 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Murshamshul MK, Udin NM, Ghadas ZAA. Child performers in the entertainment industry: an analysis from the employment regulations perspective. Inter J Acad Res Business Soc Sci. 2019;8.
  7. 7.
    Krieg J. There’s no business like show business: child entertainers and the law. U Pa J Lab Emp L. 2003;6:429.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fuchs M, Meuret S, Geister D, Pfohl W, Thiel S, Dietz A, Gelbrich G. Empirical criteria for establishing a classification of singing activity in children and adolescents. J Voice. 2008;22(6):649–57.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fuchs M, Meuret S, Thiel S, Täschner R, Dietz A, Gelbrich G. Influence of singing activity, age, and sex on voice performance parameters, on subjects’ perception and use of their voice in childhood and adolescence. J Voice. 2009;23(2):82–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Siupsinskiene N, Lycke H. Effects of vocal training on singing and speaking voice characteristics in vocally healthy adults and children based on choral and nonchoral data. J Voice. 2011;25(4):e177–89.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Williams J, Welch G, Howard DM. An exploratory baseline study of boy chorister vocal behaviour and development in an intensive professional context. Logoped Phoniatr Vocol. 2005;30:158–62.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Barlow CA, Howard DM. Voice source changes of child and adolescent subjects undergoing singing training-a preliminary study. Logoped Phoniatr Vocol. 2002;27(2):66–73.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bonet M, Casan P. Evaluation of dysphonia in a children’s choir. Folia Phoniatr Logop. 1994;46(1):27–34.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Clarós P, Porebska I, Clarós-Pujol A, Pujol C, Andrés C, López-Muñoz F, Kaczmarek K. Association between development of pediatric voice disorders and singing in a children’s choir (published online March 21, 2019). JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019. Scholar
  15. 15.
    Phyland D. The measurement and effects of vocal load in singing performance. How much singing can a singer sing if a singer can sing songs? Perspect ASHA Spec Interes Groups. 2017;2(3):79–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bourne T, Garnier M. Physiological and acoustic characteristics of the female music theatre voice. J Acoust Soc Am. 2012;131:1586–94.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    DeLeo LeBorgne W, Lee L, Stemple J, Bush H. Perceptual findings on the broadway belt voice. J Voice. 2010;24(6):678–89.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lebowitz A, Baken RJ. Correlates of the belt voice: a broader examination. J Voice. 2011;25(2):159–65.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Titze IR. Mechanical stress in phonation. J Voice. 1994;8(2):99–105.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Schweinfurth JM, Thibeault SL. Does hyaluronic acid distribution in the larynx relate to the newborn’s capacity for crying? Laryngoscope. 2008;118:1692–9.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sandage M. Muscle fatigue physiology applied to management of vocal fatigue. Perspect ASHA Spec Interes Groups. 2018;3(3):7–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Feist GJ. The influence of personality on artistic and scientific creativity. In: Handbook of creativity. New York: Cambridge University Press; 1999. p. 273.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Welch GF, Himonides E, Saunders J, Papageorgi I, Sarazin M. Singing and social inclusion. Front Psychol. 2014;5:803.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kahane JC. Growth of the human prepubertal and pubertal larynx. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 1982;25(3):446–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Hartnick CJ, Rehbar R, Prasad V. Development and maturation of the pediatric human vocal fold lamina propia. Laryngoscope. 2005;115:4–15.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Cornut G, Riou-Bourret V, Louis MH. Study of the speaking and singing voice in normal children between 5 and 9 years of age. Folia Phoniatr. 1971;23(6):381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Harries MLL, Griffin M, Walker J, Hawkins S. Changes in the male voice during puberty: speaking and singing voice parameters. Logoped Phoniatr Vocol. 1996;21(2):95–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Rutkowski J. The measurement and evaluation of children’s singing voice development. Q J Teach Learn. 1990;1(1–2):81–95.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Cooksey J. Voice transformation in male adolescents. Bodymind Voice: Found Voice Educ. 2000;3:718–38.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Hall C. Gender and boys’ singing in early childhood. Br J Music Educ. 2005;22(1):5–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Cooksey JM. Working with adolescent voices. St. Louis: Concordia; 1999.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Fisher RA. The impacts of the voice change, grade level, and experience on the singing self-efficacy of emerging adolescent males. J Res Music Educ. 62(3):277–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Killian JN, Wayman JB. A descriptive study of vocal maturation among male adolescent vocalists and instrumentalists. J Res Music Educ. 2010;58(1):5–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Gackle L. Understanding voice transformation in female adolescents. In: Thurman L, Welch GF, editors. Bodymind and voice: foundations of voice education. revised ed. Iowa City: National Centre for Voice and Speech; 2000. p. 739–44.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Juul A, Magnusdottir S, Scheike T, Prytz S, Skakkebæk NE. Age at voice break in Danish boys: effects of pre-pubertal body mass index and secular trend. Int J Androl. 2007;30(6):537–42.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Willis EC, Kenny DT. Relationship between weight, speaking fundamental frequency, and the appearance of phonational gaps in the adolescent male changing voice. J Voice. 2008;22(4):451–71.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Abitbol J, Abitbol P, Abitbol B. Sex hormones and the female voice. J Voice. 1999;13(3):424–46.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Dejonckere PH, Wieneke GH, Bloemenkamp D, Lebacq J. Fo-perturbation and Fo/loudness dynamics in voices of normal children, with and without education in singing. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 1996;35(2):107–15.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Benninger M, Jacobson BH, Jacobson B, Johnson AF, Johnson A. Vocal arts medicine: the care and prevention of professional voice disorders. New York: Thieme; 1994.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Austin SF. The attack on the coup de la glotte. J Sing. 2005;61(5):525.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Costa CB, Costa LHC, Oliveira G, Behlau M. Immediate effects of the phonation into a straw exercise. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2011;77(4):461–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Kotby MN, El-Sady SR, Basiouny SE, Abou-Rass YA, Hegazi MA. Efficacy of the accent method of voice therapy. J Voice. 1991;5(4):316–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Kapsner-Smith MR, Hunter EJ, Kirkham K, Cox K, Titze IR. A randomized controlled trial of two semi-occluded vocal tract voice therapy protocols. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2018;58(3):535–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Denison MF. Pediatric voice: delineating the voice science and investigating child training methods toward pedagogical application. Univ Miami Sch Repository. 2012;2012:4–24.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Milutinović Z, Vasiljević J. Contribution to the understanding of the etiology of vocal fold cysts: a functional and histologic study. Laryngoscope. 1992;102(5):568–71.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Bouchayer M, Cornut G. Microsurgical treatment of benign vocal fold lesions: indications, technique, results. Folia Phoniatr Logop. 1992;44(3–4):155–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    De Bodt MS, Ketelslagers K, Peeters T, Wuyts FL, Mertens F, Pattyn J, et al. Evolution of vocal fold nodules from childhood to adolescence. J Voice. 2007;21(2):151–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Voice Medicine AustraliaEast MelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, School of Clinical Sciences at Monash HealthMonash UniversityClaytonAustralia
  3. 3.Melbourne Voice Analysis CentreEast MelbourneAustralia

Personalised recommendations