Energy-Based Transitions

  • Mary J. ThornbushEmail author
  • Oleg Golubchikov
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Geography book series (BRIEFSGEOGRAPHY)


The focus of this chapter is on reducing energy consumption in cities, including through decarbonisation efforts and transitions as well as improved energy efficiency. Continued investments in the production of renewable energy sources and the transmission (or distribution) of green energy are needed in order to sustain a low carbon supply as for instance in district heating and cooling (DHC) and as combined heat and power (CHP) or cogeneration. In addition to investing in such technologies, it is also pertinent to reduce energy consumption and promote energy conservation. City challenges regarding emissions are addressed. It helps to have building standards in place and building code guiding sustainable homes as well as effective planning to direct development, even amid rapid development. Spatial planning has potential when deployed alongside building control. Decisions regarding density building, suburbs, and transport are vital to examine in the context of the New Urban Design as well as sustainable development.


District heating and cooling (DHC) Combined heat and power (CHP) Building code Spatial planning New urban design New technologies Sustainable development 


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© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Environmental StudiesYork UniversityTorontoCanada
  2. 2.School of Geography and PlanningCardiff UniversityCardiffWales, UK

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