After World War II, the Allies established a “functional” international order. Neo-functionalism, or “functional-federalism”, is, as the name says, a combination of federalism and the theory of functionalism in international relations. The chapter illustrates how neo-functionalism was developed in order to find a way to create a European federation within the global “functional” geopolitical order that had been installed after World War II. Many problems of the European integration process today can be explained from the hybrid nature of neo-functionalism. Neo-functionalism came to its limits in the 1970s, when increasing capital flows raised economic interdependencies between nation states and put the functional geopolitical word order under pressure. Functional-federalism became obsolete, because it could not explain these new dynamics.
- Bache, I., & George, S. (2011). Politics in the European Union. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199544813 0199544816.Google Scholar
- Evans-Pritchard, A. (2000). Euro-federalists financed by US spy chiefs, 19.09.2000. The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/1356047/Euro-federalists-financed-by-US-spy-chiefs.html. 16 January 2016.
- Gillingham, J. (1987). Die Franzoesische Ruhrpolitik und die Urspruenge des Schuman-Plans. Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte, 35(1), 1–24.Google Scholar
- Haas, E. B. (1968/1958). The uniting of Europe. Stanford: Stanford University Press).Google Scholar
- Mitrany, D. (1943). A working peace system. London: Broadwater Press.Google Scholar
- Monnet, J. (1976). Memoirs. Paris: Libraire Artheme Fayard.Google Scholar
- Schmitter, P. C. (2004). Neo-neo functionalism. In A. Wiener & T. Diez (Eds.), European integration theory (pp. 45–74). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Schuman, R. (2011/1950). Schuman declaration 9 May 1950. In European Issue No 204 10 May 2011. Paris: Foundation Robert Schuman. http://www.robert-schuman.eu/en/doc/questions-d-europe/qe-204-en.pdf. Visited on 16 January 2016.
- Spiegel (Magazin). (1951). Der Schuman Plan – Die neue Ruhrbehörde, 12.12.1951. https://www.spiegel.de/spiegel/print/d-20833254.html. 16 May 2019.