From Grey to Green: Rethinking Setback and MGC Rules as a Sustainable Growth Strategy of Residential Areas – A Case Study of Anannya Residential Area of Chittagong, Bangladesh

  • Rezuana Islam
  • Kanu Kumar Das
  • Samira Binte Bashar
Part of the Springer Geography book series (SPRINGERGEOGR)


At the moment urban agglomeration sees how cities grow and expand within a shorter period by overlooking the existence of natural ecosystem and green spaces. Natural and built components of the urban environment are the main focal point for sustainable regeneration strategies of a city, but unfortunately the small-scale green areas which are closed to people in the cities are given poor attention and as a result various environmental problems are created. This phenomenon raises globally growing concern for sustainable urban development. To ensure sustainable development and healthy living environment, every country sets some obligatory codes of development. In Bangladesh to control urban development and boost living environment, Bangladesh National Building Code (BNBC), a comprehensive document, is enacted as officially obligatory codes of development in urban areas, in which setback and maximum ground coverage (MGC) are the two major and foremost important rules to maintain for better area planning. Chittagong is the second largest city and commercial capital of Bangladesh and is enriched with mountains, forest, rivers, canals, coastal belt, ancient shrines, and historical structures. In Chittagong city, urban areas become a junk of concrete with its grey pockets lacking green spaces resulting from insensible planning and irresponsible behavior of its citizen. The Anannya Residential Area was developed in 2004 by Chittagong Development Authority (CDA) in Chittagong City which is not fully developed yet. The main concern of this chapter is to rethink residential setback and MGC rules of BNBC from a sustainable regeneration strategy perspective and to suggest several ideas of creating green spaces that can be taken into consideration to recover and enrich the sustainable environmental quality of the urban areas.


Building setback Grey pocket Green spaces Sustainable regeneration strategy 



Dr. Qazi Azizul Mowla, Professor Department of Architecture, BUET

Mr Amit Imtiaz, Lecturer, Department of Architecture, CUET (for Image Render)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rezuana Islam
    • 1
  • Kanu Kumar Das
    • 1
  • Samira Binte Bashar
    • 1
  1. 1.Chittagong University of Engineering & TechnologyChittagongBangladesh

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