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An Internet-Based Intervention for Depressive Symptoms: Preliminary Data on the Contribution of Behavioral Activation and Positive Psychotherapy Strategies

  • Sonia RomeroEmail author
  • Adriana Mira
  • Juana Bretón-Lopez
  • Amanda Díaz-García
  • Laura Díaz-Sanahuja
  • Azucena García-Palacios
  • Cristina Botella
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 288)

Abstract

Depression is one of the most prevalent mental disorders worldwide. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a well-known evidence-based therapy. However, interventions are multi-component, and we do not know the specific mechanisms responsible for the change produced by depression therapies. Therapeutic components of most interventions have focused on reducing negative symptoms rather than on improving positive affect, well-being, and character strengths. Positive Psychotherapeutic strategies (PPs) are designed to fill this gap. These PPs have shown efficacy in improving depressive symptoms. Nonetheless, we do not know the specific contribution of a PPs component. Internet-based interventions are effective in treating depression. Using a dismantling design, we are currently carrying out a randomized controlled trial with the objective of evaluating the efficacy of an Internet-based protocol for depressive symptoms (including Behavioral Activation and PPs), the protocol without the PPs component, and the protocol without the BA component. In the present paper, we present preliminary results of nine participants randomized to one of the three conditions, exploring the pre-treatment to post-treatment changes and presenting the qualitative data on the participants’ opinions of the BA and PPs. Participants in the intervention groups with the BA component presented greater improvements in their negative affect and depression; and participants in the PPs improved their positive affect and resilience. Regarding usefulness, the BA group pointed to the improvement in their relationships and to knowing that the activity is related to their mood, and the PPs learned about their psychological strength and saw the positive side of things more.

Keywords

Depression Dismantling studies Internet-based intervention Behavioral Activation Positive Psychotherapy strategies 

Notes

Acknowledgments

CIBERobn, an initiative of Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII); UJI-A2016-14 Program, Project 16I336.01/1 (Universitat Jaume I).

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Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sonia Romero
    • 1
    Email author
  • Adriana Mira
    • 1
    • 2
  • Juana Bretón-Lopez
    • 1
    • 3
  • Amanda Díaz-García
    • 1
  • Laura Díaz-Sanahuja
    • 1
  • Azucena García-Palacios
    • 1
    • 3
  • Cristina Botella
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Basic Psychology, Clinic and PsychobiologyUniversitat Jaume ICastellónSpain
  2. 2.Department of Psychology and SociologyUniversidad de ZaragozaTeruelSpain
  3. 3.CIBER Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERobn)Instituto Salud Carlos IIISantiago de CompostelaSpain

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