The Greater Frame of Reference and the Need for an “Organizational ABS”—The “Right Wing” of Organizations (Part 3)

  • Wolfgang LasslEmail author


This chapter details the second major element for establishing the holistic perspective in organizations (called the “right wing” of an organization), namely the frame of reference that encloses all corporate functions or units that are part of a system function. It further describes the mistake that can be made in the design of this frame of reference and why organizations need an organizational “ABS”.


  1. Beer, S. (1995). The heart of enterprise. Managerial cybernetics of organization: Vol. 2. Chichester [England], New York: Wiley. (Figures 21, 51 and 86 republished with permission of John Wiley and Sons Inc. and the permission conveyed through the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc.).Google Scholar
  2. Goris, H. J. (1996). Free creatures of an eternal God: Thomas Aquinas on God’s infallible foreknowledge and irresistible will. Publications of the Thomas Instituut te Utrecht. New series: vol. 4. Leuven: Peeters [etc.].Google Scholar
  3. Kellaway, L. (2016). I don’t want to change the world and nor should you. Retrieved from
  4. Lawrie, G., & Cobbold, I. (2002). Development of the 3rd generation balanced scorecard: Evolution of the balanced scorecard into an effective strategic performance management tool.
  5. Lawrie, G., Kalff, D., & Andersen, H. (2015). Balanced scorecard and results-based management: Convergent performance management systems. 2GC Conference Paper. Retrieved from
  6. Luhmann, N. (1997). Die Gesellschaft der Gesellschaft (1. Aufl). Suhrkamp-Taschenbuch Wissenschaft: Vol. 1360. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  7. Malik, F. (2004). Gefährliche Managementwörter und warum man sie vermeiden sollte. Frankfurter Allgemeine: Buch. Frankfurt am Main: Frankfurter Allg. Buch im FAZ-Inst.Google Scholar
  8. Marwa Rabe Mohamed Ali. (2019). Balanced scorecard development over the last 26 years. IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM), 21(1), 13–16.
  9. Morin, G., & Meigneux, R. (2016, January 8). La Méthode Cazeneuve. Le Parisien, pp. 47–53.Google Scholar
  10. Nissing, H.-G. (2006). Sprache als Akt bei Thomas von Aquin. Studien und Texte zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters: Bd. 87. Leiden, Boston: Brill.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pure Management GroupViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations