The Role of Environmental Enrichment on Neurodevelopment: Emotion Regulation in Adolescence as a Model Paradigm

  • Juste BuneviciuteEmail author
  • Jasmine Tatum
  • Genevieve J. Yang
  • Timothy R. Rice


George Engel’s 1977 biopsychosocial model remains effective to this day in positioning the environment on equal footing with biology in formulations of adolescent health and well-being. While the intervening “decade of the brain” and contemporary initiatives such as the Research Domain Criteria approach have most directly updated our understanding of the constitutional elements of mental health, environmental contributions to these elements have kept apace. In this chapter, emotion regulation, a key intrinsic process and transdiagnostic marker of mental health with defined neural correlates, is developed as an exemplary nodal point for demonstrating the crucial influence of the environment in the development of brain and behavior.


Biopsychosocial Emotion regulation Implicit emotion regulation Defense mechanisms Adolescent development 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juste Buneviciute
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jasmine Tatum
    • 2
  • Genevieve J. Yang
    • 3
  • Timothy R. Rice
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Icahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Department of Psychiatry – Child and Adolescent Inpatient ServiceIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA

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