Habits and Quality of Diet

  • Iris Iglesia
  • Alba Maria Santaliestra-Pasías
  • Luis Alberto Moreno Aznar


Diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviours are the main determinants of health status in adolescence when the lifestyle behaviours may be established to adulthood. In this period, nutritional status vulnerability is determined by the influence of peers and current obesogenic environment. All of them, model body composition, consequently propitiate the onset of future non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular diseases (CVD), or metabolic disorders among others. From a preventable point of view, adequate nutritional interventions must be emphasized during adolescence, as they are really in a vulnerable period in this sense. The selection of the most adequate interventions based on the current data is not an easy task, as most of them have been performed in underdeveloped countries focused on micronutrient deficiencies. This means there is still a knowledge gap which must be filled in the coming years due to the high impact that is expected based on the current numbers of early onset of obesity worldwide, sometimes even accompanied by micronutrient deficiencies due to imbalanced diets. To do this important task, a research gap in the area of dietary assessment method in young populations is required in advance. To facilitate the education programmes of such populations, a common language of dietary patterns rather than nutrients must be emphasized in order to reduce the complexity of healthy nutrition messages.


Adolescence Lifestyle behaviours Micronutrients Dietary patterns Dietary assessment methods Nutritional interventions 



Body mass index


Confidence intervals


Cardiovascular diseases


Dietary patterns


Fat mass index


High-density lipoprotein


Low-density lipoprotein


Non-communicable diseases


Odds ratio, pooled odds ratio


Physical activity


United Kingdom


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iris Iglesia
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Alba Maria Santaliestra-Pasías
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  • Luis Alberto Moreno Aznar
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development (GENUD) Research GroupInstituto Agroalimentario de Aragón (IA2), Universidad de ZaragozaZaragozaSpain
  2. 2.Fundación del Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Aragón (IIS Aragón)ZaragozaSpain
  3. 3.Red de Salud Materno-infantil y del Desarrollo (SAMID)Instituto de Salud Carlos IIIMadridSpain
  4. 4.Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn)Instituto de Salud Carlos IIIMadridSpain

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