Performance Evaluation of Windowing Based Energy Detector in Multipath and Multi-signal Scenarios

  • Johanna VartiainenEmail author
  • Heikki Karvonen
  • Marja Matinmikko-Blue
  • Luciano Mendes
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 291)


Connectivity in remote areas continues to be a major challenge despite of the evolution of cellular technology. 5th Generation (5G) technology can address remote connectivity if lower carrier frequencies are available, which calls for shared use of spectrum to enable cost-efficient license-free solution. Therefore, spectrum sensing has its own role in future wireless systems such as mobile 5G networks and Internet of Things (IoT) to complement database approach in dynamic spectrum utilization. In this paper, a windowing based (WIBA) blind spectrum sensing method is studied. Its performance is compared to the localization algorithm based on double-thresholding (LAD) detection method. Both the methods are based on energy detection and can be used in any frequency range as well as for detecting all kind of relatively narrowband signals. Probability of detection, relative mean square error for the bandwidth estimation, and the number of detected signals were evaluated, including multipath and multi-signal scenarios. The simulation results show that the WIBA method is very suitable for future 5G applications especially for remote area connectivity, due to its good detection performance in low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) areas with low complexity and reasonable costs. The simulation results also show importance of the used detection window selection since too wide detection window degrades the detection performance of the WIBA method.


Signal detection Spectrum utilization 5G system Overlapping Sampling 



This research has received funding from the European Union Horizon 2020 Programme (H2020/2017–2019) under grant agreement N0. 777137 and from the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation of Brazil through Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa (RNP) under the 4th EU-BR Coordinated Call Information and Communication Technologies through 5G-RANGE project. In addition, this research has been financially supported in part by Academy of Finland 6Genesis Flagship (grant 318927) and CNPq-Brasil.


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Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Wireless CommunicationsUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  2. 2.Radiocommunications Research CenterInatelSanta Rita do SapucaíBrazil

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