Concluding Remarks

  • Ali Pirzadeh
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Political Science book series (BRIEFSPOLITICAL)


Three years have passed since the publication of Iran Revisited, and, in the present study, I retract nothing from my initial thought that members of a community, people, are all responsible for their own welfare as well as the wellbeing of the community. In this context, people are perceived not as a collection of individuals with various interests, but as a collective enterprise intended to co-exist and share common objectives. If I erred, it is due to my conviction that people hold the power to change their circumstances and elevate themselves above an existing condition. Conversely, to refute this belief means to defy a human community and ascertain that men are nothing more than passive and submissive agencies that left the cave and landed on the moon by fortunes and pure coincidences.


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  3. Harvey AD (2007) Body politics: political metaphor and political violence. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, NewcastleGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Pirzadeh
    • 1
  1. 1.Washington, DCUSA

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