Denmark: The Challenges of Peace
The Danish navy was modelled on the French navy, but, unlike its competitors, it spent most of the century at peace. It relied heavily on foreign service to provide experience and training, and it placed a premium on education. Officers served both at sea and ashore as administrators in the dockyards, which formed the organizational spine of the navy. Most officers were the sons of other military officers and part of a social group that successfully managed to reproduce their own ideals and culture. Those that showed real talent were able to contribute not only to the navy as an institution but even to civilian society as scientific inventors and academics.