Children’s Visibility as Stakeholders: From Provision to Participation

  • Naomi Sakr
  • Jeanette Steemers


As the present work is prompted in part by the scale of children’s displacement across the Arab region and demographic change in Europe, we start the final chapter by comparing theory and practice in the use of screen media to provide visibility for children experiencing disruption and uncertainty. We consider two documented projects designed to promote refugee and migrant children’s participation in media-making, in the context of ideas about children’s participation generally. We then go on to sum up the book’s findings about the cross-regional encounters it explored in relation to provision of screen media for children, its production and the policies behind it, and how recognising that children are stakeholders in production processes and decision-making could improve media visibility for all children.


Children and media participation Children and migration Children as stakeholders Child ethnic minorities Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) Participatory media-making 


  1. de Block, Liesbeth, and David Buckingham. 2007. Global Children, Global Media: Migration, Media and Childhood. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Buckingham, David. 2018. Foreword. In Researching Everyday Childhoods: Time, Technology and Documentation in a Digital Age, ed. Rachel Thomson, Liam Berriman, and Sara Bragg, vii–vxi. London: Bloomsbury Academic.Google Scholar
  3. Esser, Florian, Meike Bader, Tanja Betz, and Beatrice Hungerland. 2016. Reconceptualising Agency and Childhood: An Introduction. In Reconceptualising Agency and Childhood: New Perspectives in Childhood Studies, ed. Florian Esser, Meike Bader, Tanja Betz, and Beatrice Hungerland, 1–16. Abingdon: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hart, Roger. 2009. Charting Change in the Participatory Settings of Childhood. In Children, Politics and Communication: Participation at the Margins, ed. Nigel Thomas, 7–29. Bristol: The Policy Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Havens, Timothy. 2007. Universal Childhood: The Global Trade in Children’s Television and Changing Ideals of Childhood. Global Media Journal 6/10. Accessed 23 April 2019.
  6. Jordan, Amy, and Kate Prendella. 2019. The Invisible Children of Media Research. Journal of Children and Media 13 (2): 235–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Leurs, Koen, Ena Omerović, Hemmo Bruinenberg, and Sanne Sprenger. 2018. Critical Media Literacy Through Making Media: A Key to Participation for Young Migrants? Communications 43 (3): 427–450.Google Scholar
  8. Liebel, Manfred, and Iven Saadi. 2012. Cultural Variations in Constructions of Children’s Participation. In Children’s Rights From Below: Cross-Cultural Perspectives, ed. Manfred Liebel, 162–182. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Parkes, Aisling. 2013. Children and International Human Rights Law: The Right of the Child to be Heard. Abingdon: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Steemers, Jeanette. 2019. Invisible Children: Inequalities in the Provision of Screen Content for Children. In Digital Media Inequalities: Policies Against Divides, Distrust and Discrimination, ed. Josef Trappel, 179–192. Gӧteborg: Nordicom.Google Scholar
  11. Van den Bulck, Hilde, and Karen Donders. 2014. Analysing European Media Policy: Stakeholders and Advocacy Coalitions. In The Palgrave Handbook of European Media Policy, ed. Karen Donders, Caroline Pauwels, and Jan Loisen, 19–35. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naomi Sakr
    • 1
  • Jeanette Steemers
    • 2
  1. 1.Westminster School of Media and CommunicationUniversity of WestminsterHarrowUK
  2. 2.Department of Culture, Media & Creative IndustriesKing’s College LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations