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Bioremediation: New Prospects for Environmental Cleaning by Fungal Enzymes

  • Neha Vishnoi
  • Sonal Dixit
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

Bioremediation is an economical and environment-friendly technique which is powered mainly by microbial enzymes. Many genera of bacteria and fungi produce enzymes which have evolved in the detoxification and degradation of toxic organic pollutants. Fungal organisms have been used extensively for degradation of pollutants as they are environment-friendly and economical in nature. Fungal bioremediation is a promising technology, using their metabolic potential to remove or reduce pollutants. Their potential to remove toxic substances and produce polymeric products makes them a useful tool for bioremediation purposes. They exhibit a unique property to tolerate high concentrations of pollutants and degrade a broad range of toxic pollutants. They act via the extracellular ligninolytic enzymes, including laccase, manganese peroxidase, and lignin peroxidase. In the remediation process, they utilize both soluble and insoluble hazardous compounds as the nutrient source and convert them into simple fragmented forms. Currently, usage of enzymes produced extracellularly is not gaining much attention due to its high production cost. However, bench and field studies have proved enzymatic methods to be feasible choice for bioremediation. The purpose of this chapter is to present descriptive information on the fungal enzymes utilized in the bioremediation of recalcitrant, as well as the pros and cons associated with the use of such enzymes.

Keywords

Bioremediation Enzymes Fungi Laccase Peroxidase Pollution 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author Sonal Dixit acknowledges DSKPDF Cell, Pune, India, and University Grant Commission, New Delhi, India, for the financial assistance in the form of D.S. Kothari Postdoctoral Fellowship (F4-2/2006 (BSR)/BL/15-16/0156). There are no conflicts of interest among authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Neha Vishnoi
    • 1
  • Sonal Dixit
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesBabasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar UniversityLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyUniversity of LucknowLucknowIndia

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