Advertisement

Role of Fungi in Climate Change Abatement Through Carbon Sequestration

  • Sandeep K. Malyan
  • Amit Kumar
  • Shahar Baram
  • Jagdeesh Kumar
  • Swati Singh
  • Smita S. Kumar
  • Ajar Nath Yadav
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

Global warming is an important phenomenon responsible for global climate change. The rise in mean air temperature is attributed to the enhanced concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide (CO2), methane, nitrous oxide, and chlorofluorocarbons are the abundant greenhouses gases in the atmosphere. CO2 is the main greenhouse gas accounting for 76% of the total greenhouse effect. Both human activities and natural phenomena are responsible for the rise in atmospheric CO2 concentration. Soil respiration and soil carbon sequestration are considered as the source and sink, respectively, for CO2 gas. The net balance of respiration and sequestration in the soil are responsible for carbon concentration dynamics in the atmosphere. Higher CO2 concentration in the atmosphere is a major culprit behind global threat known as global warming. The CO2 concentration in the atmosphere may be reduced by soil carbon sequestration. Microorganisms including soil fungi enhance the rate of soil carbon sequestration through carbon assimilation from the atmosphere. In soil, fungi assimilate carbon in its hyphae. The amount and rate of carbon sequestration with the help of soil fungi are also affected by age and resilience of hyphae. The higher rate of carbon sequestration in soil may help in mitigating climate change.

Keywords

Carbon dioxide Carbon sequestration Climate change Fungi 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The financial support to the first author, Sandeep Kumar Malyan, provided by Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Israel, under ARO-Postdoctoral Fellowship-India and China, is highly acknowledged. The authors are also very thankful to the Central MugaEri Research and Training Institute, Central Silk Board, Lahdoigarh, Jorhat-785700, India, for having provided the necessary support.

References

  1. Aliasgharzad N, Afshari Z, Najafi N (2018) Carbon sequestration by glomerular fungi in soil is influenced by phosphorus and nitrogen fertilization. Int J Adv Sci Eng Inf Technol 6:1–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Allison SD, Tresseder KK (2008) Warming and drying suppress microbial activity and carbon cycling in boreal forest soils. Glob Chang Biol 14:2898–2909CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bahn M, Rodeghiero M, Anderson-Dunn M, Dore S, Gimeno C, Drösler M, Williams M, Ammann C, Berninger F, Flechard C, Jones S (2008) Soil respiration in European grasslands in relation to climate and assimilate supply. Ecosystems 11:1352–1367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bhatia A, Kumar A, Kumar V, Jain N (2013a) Low carbon option for sustainable agriculture. Indian Farm 63:18–22Google Scholar
  5. Bhatia A, Kumar A, Das TK, Singh J, Jain N, Pathak H (2013b) Methane and nitrous oxide emissions from soils under direct seeded rice. Int J Agric Stat Sci 9(2):729–736Google Scholar
  6. Bhattacharyya R, Bhatia A, Das TK, Lata S, Kumar A, Tomer R, Singh G, Kumar S, Biswas AK (2018) Aggregate-associated N and global warming potential of conservation agriculture-based cropping of maize-wheat system in the north-western Indo-Gangetic Plains. Soil Tillage Res 182:66–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Clemmensen KE, Finlay RD, Dahlberg A, Stenlid J, Wardle DA, Lindahl BD (2015) Carbon sequestration is related to mycorrhizal fungal community shifts during long-term succession in boreal forests. New Phytol 205:1525–1536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chaubey R, Singh J, Baig MM, Kumar A (2019) Recent advancement and the way forward for Cordyceps. In: Yadav A, Singh S, Mishra S, Gupta A (eds) Recent advancement in white biotechnology through fungi, Fungal biology. Springer, ChamGoogle Scholar
  9. Dignac M-F, Derrien D, Barré P, Barot S, Cécillon L, Chenu C, Chevallier T, Freschet GT, Garnier P, Guenet B, Hedde M, Klumpp K, Lashermes G, Maron P-A, Nunan N, Roumet C, Basile-Doelsch I (2017) Increasing soil carbon storage: mechanisms, effects of agricultural practices and proxies. A review. Agron Sustain Dev 37:14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fagodiya RK, Pathak H, Bhatia A, Kumar A, Singh SD, Jain N (2017a) Simulation of Maize (Zea Mays L.) yield under alternative nitrogen fertilization using infocrop-maize model. Biochem Cell Arch 17:65–71Google Scholar
  11. Fagodiya RK, Pathak H, Kumar A, Bhatia A, Jain N (2017b) Global temperature change potential of nitrogen use in agriculture: a 50-year assessment. Sci Rep 7:44928CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. FAO (2000) Carbon sequestration options under the clean development mechanism to address land degradation (World Soil Resources Reports), by Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. ISBN-10:9251045151Google Scholar
  13. Fellbaum CR, Mensah JA, Pfeffer PE, Kiers ET, Bucking H (2012) The role of carbon in fungal nutrient uptake and transport: implications for resource exchange in the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. Plant Signal Behav 7:1509–1512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Frąc M, Jezierska-Tys S, Takashi Y (2015) Occurrence, detection, and molecular and metabolic characterization of heat-resistant fungi in soils and plants and their risk to human health. Adv Agron 132:161–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Frac M, Hannula SE, Jedryczka M (2018) Fungal biodiversity and their role in soil health. Front Microbiol 9:707CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Friedlingstein P, Cox P, Betts R, Bopp L, von Bloh W, Brovkin V, Cadule P, Doney S, Eby M, Fung I, Bala G (2006) Climate-carbon cycle feedback analysis: results from the C4MIP model intercomparison. J Clim 19:3337–3353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Fujimura KE, Egger KN, Henry GH (2008) The effect of experimental warming on the root-associated fungal community of salixarctica. ISME J 2:105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ge ZW, Brenneman T, Bonito G, Smith ME (2017) Soil pH and mineral nutrients strongly influence truffles and other ectomycorrhizal fungi associated with commercial pecans (Caryaillinoinensis). Plant Soil 418:493–505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gupta DK, Bhatia A, Kumar A, Chakrabarti B, Jain N, Pathak H (2015) Global warming potential of rice (Oryza sativa)-wheat (Triticumaestivum) cropping system of the Indo-Gangetic Plains. Indian J Agric Sci 85:807–816Google Scholar
  20. Gupta DK, Bhatia A, Kumar A, Das TK, Jain N, Tomer R, Malyan SK, Fagodiya RK, Dubey R, Pathak H (2016) Mitigation of greenhouse gas emission from the rice-wheat system of the Indo-Gangetic Plains: through tillage, irrigation and fertilizer management. Agric Ecosyst Environ 230:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hawkes CV, Hartley IP, Ineson P, Fitter AH (2008) Soil temperature affects carbon allocation within arbuscular mycorrhizal networks and carbon transport from plant to fungus. Glob Chang Biol 14:1181–1190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hu ZQ, Wei ZY, Qin P (2005) Concept and methods for soil reconstruction in mined land reclamation. Soil 37:8–12Google Scholar
  23. IPCC (2007) Climate change report. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p 73Google Scholar
  24. IPCC (2014) Fifth assessment report on climate change. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  25. Jasper DA, Abbott LK, Robson AD (1989) Soil disturbance reduces the infectivity of external hyphae of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytol 112:93–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Karpouzas DG, Papadopoulou E, Ipsilantis I, Friedel I, Petric N, Udikovic-Kolic N, Kandeler E, Menkissoglu-Spiroudi U, Martin-Laurent F (2014) Effects of nicosulfuron on the abundance and diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi used as indicators of pesticide soil microbial toxicity. Ecol Indic 39:44–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Korb JE, Johnson NC, Covington WW (2003) Arbuscular mycorrhizal propagule densities respond rapidly to ponderosa pine restoration treatments. J Appl Ecol 40:101–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kour D, Rana KL, Yadav N, Yadav AN, Singh J, Rastegari AA, Saxena AK (2019) Agriculturally and industrially important fungi: current developments and potential biotechnological applications. In: Yadav AN, Singh S, Mishra S, Gupta A (eds) Recent advancement in white biotechnology through fungi, volume 2: perspective for value-added products and environments. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 1–64.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-14846-1_1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kumar SS, Malyan SK (2016) Nitrification inhibitors: a perspective tool to mitigate greenhouse gas emission from rice soils. Curr World Environ 11:423–428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kumar A, Tomer R, Bhatia A, Jain N, Pathak H (2016) Greenhouse gas mitigation in Indian agriculture. In: Pathak H, Chakrabarti B (eds) Climate Change and Agriculture Technologies for Enhancing Resilience. ICAR-IARI, New Delhi, pp 137–149Google Scholar
  31. Kumar A, Bhatia A, Fagodiya RK, Malyan SK, Meena BL (2017a) Eddy covariance flux tower: a promising technique for greenhouse gases measurement. Adv Plants Agric Res 7(4):337–340.  https://doi.org/10.15406/apar.2017.07.00263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Kumar SS, Kadier A, Malyan SK, Ahmad A, N Bishnoi NR (2017b) Phytoremediation and rhizoremediation: uptake, mobilization and sequestration of heavy metals by plants. In: Singh D, Singh H, Prabha R (eds) Plant-microbe interactions in agro-ecological perspectives. Springer, Singapore, pp 367–394.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-6593-4_15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kuzyakov Y, Domanski G (2000) Carbon input by plants into the soil. Review. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 163:421–431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Lal R (2014) Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security. Science 304:1623–1627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Luo YQ, Zhou XH (2010) Soil respiration, and the environment. Academic Press, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  36. Malyan SK (2018) Reducing methane emission from rice soil through microbial interventions. Ph.D. Thesis, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi-110012Google Scholar
  37. Malyan SK, Bhatia A, Kumar A, Gupta DK, Singh R, Kumar SS, Tomer R, Kumar O, Jain N (2016a) Methane production, oxidation, and mitigation: a mechanistic understanding and comprehensive evaluation of influencing factors. Sci Total Environ 572:874–896CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Malyan SK, Kumar SS, Kumar A, Kumar J (2016b) Water management tool in rice to combat two major environmental issues: global warming and water scarcity. In: Kumar S, Beg MA (eds) Environmental concerns of 21st century: Indian and global context, pp 43–58. (ISBN: 978-93-83281-65-7)Google Scholar
  39. Mendez-Millan M, Dignac M-F, Rumpel C, Rasse DP, Derenne S (2010) Molecular dynamics of shoot vs. root biomarkers in an agricultural soil estimated by natural abundance 13Clabeling. Soil Biol Biochem 42:169–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Moritz RE, Bitz CM, Steig EJ (2002) Dynamics of recent climate change in the Arctic. Science 297:1497–1502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Mukherjee J, Mridha N, Mondal S, Chakraborty D, Kumar A (2018) Identifying suitable soil health indicators under variable climate scenarios: a ready reckoner for soil management. In: Bal S, Mukherjee J, Choudhury B, Dhawan A (eds) Advances in crop environment interaction. Springer, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  42. Nemec S (1985) Influence of selected pesticides onGlomus species and their infection in citrus. Plant Soil 84(1):133–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. NOAA (2019) Earth System Research Laboratory Global Monitoring Division, Online link (https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/full.html)
  44. Oehl F, Sieverding E, Ineichen K, Ris EA, Boller T, Wiemken A (2005) Community structure of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi at different soil depths in extensively and intensively managed agroecosystems. New Phytol 165:273–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Pathak H, Jain N, Bhatia A, Kumar A, Chatterjee D (2016) Improved nitrogen management: a key to climate change adaptation and mitigation. Indian J Fertil 12(11):151–162Google Scholar
  46. Posada RH, Franco LA, Ramos C, Plaza LS, Sua JC, Lvarez FA (2008) Effect of physical, chemical and environmental characteristics on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Brachiaria decumbens (Stapf) pastures. J Appl Microbiol 104:132–140PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Rana KL, Kour D, Sheikh I, Yadav N, Yadav AN, Kumar V, Singh BP, Dhaliwal HS, Saxena AK (2019) Biodiversity of endophytic fungi from diverse niches and their biotechnological applications. In: Singh BP (ed) Advances in endophytic fungal research: present status and future challenges. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 105–144.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-03589-1_6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Ranjan R, Yadav R (2019) Targeting nitrogen use efficiency for sustained production of cereal crops. J Plant Nutr.  https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2019.1589497
  49. Rastogi M, Singh S, Pathak H (2002) Emission of carbon dioxide from the soil. Curr Sci 82:510–517Google Scholar
  50. Rosenstock N, Ellstrom M, Oddsdottir E, Singurdsson BD, Wallander H (2018) Carbon sequestration and community composition of ectomycorrhizal fungi across a geothermal warming gradient in an Icelandic spruce forest. Fungal Ecol.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funeco.2018.05.010
  51. Rouphael Y, Franken P, Schneider C, Schwarz D, Giovannetti M, Agnolucci M (2015) Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi act as biostimulants in horticultural crops. Sci Hortic 196:91–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Sarabia M, Cornejo P, Azconc R, Carreon-Adudd Y, Larsen J (2017) Mineral phosphorus fertilization modulates interactions between maize, rhizosphere yeasts, and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Rhizosphere 4:89–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Schweiger PF, Jakobsen I (1998) Dose-response relationships between four pesticides and phosphorus uptake by hyphae of arbuscular mycorrhizas. Soil Biol Biochem 30:1415–1422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Smith SE, Jakobsen I, Gronlund M, Smith FA (2011) Roles of arbuscular mycorrhizas in plant phosphorus nutrition: interactions between pathways of phosphorus uptake in arbuscular mycorrhizal roots have important implications for understanding and manipulating plant phosphorus acquisition. Plant Physiol 156:1050–1057CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Solaiman ZM (2014) Mycorrhizal fungi: use in sustainable agriculture and land restoration. Soil Biol 41.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-45370-4_18
  56. Solley EF, Lindahal BD, Dawes MA, Peter M, Souza RC, Rixen C, Hagedorn F (2017) Experimental soil warming shifts the fungal community composition at the alpine tree line. New Phytol 215:766–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Spokes JR, MacDonald RM, Hayman S (1981) Effects of plant protection chemicals on vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas. Pestic Sci 12:346–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Treseder KK, Allen MF (2000) Mycorrhizal fungi have a potential role in soil carbon storage under elevated CO2 and nitrogen deposition. New Phytol 147:189–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Treseder KK, Holden SR (2013) Fungal carbon sequestration. Science 339:1528–1529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Ussiri DAN, Lal R, Jacinthe PA (2006) Soil properties and carbon sequestration of afforested pastures in reclaimed mine soils of Ohio. Soil Sci Soc Am J 70:1797–1806CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Willis A, Rodrigues BF, Harris PJC (2013) The ecology of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi. Crit Rev Plant Sci 32:1–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Yadav AN (2018) Biodiversity and biotechnological applications of host-specific endophytic fungi for sustainable agriculture and allied sectors. Acta Sci Microbiol 1:01–05Google Scholar
  63. Yadav AN (2019) Endophytic fungi for plant growth promotion and adaptation under abiotic stress conditions. Acta Sci Agric 3:91–93Google Scholar
  64. Yadav AN, Kumar R, Kumar S, Kumar V, Sugitha T, Singh B, Chauhan V, Dhaliwal HS, Saxena AK (2017) Beneficial microbiomes: biodiversity and potential biotechnological applications for sustainable agriculture and human health. J Appl Biol Biotechnol 5:45–57Google Scholar
  65. Yadav AN, Verma P, Kumar V, Sangwan P, Mishra S, Panjiar N, Gupta VK, Saxena AK (2018) Biodiversity of the genus Penicillium in different habitats. In: Gupta VK, Rodriguez-Couto S (eds) New and future developments in microbial biotechnology and bioengineering, Penicillium system properties and applications. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 3–18.  https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63501-3.00001-6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Zhang FW, Zhao H, Song Y, Chen L (2007) The effect of coal-mining subsidence on the water environment in the Shenfu-Dongsheng mining area. Actageoscientiasinica 28:521–527Google Scholar
  67. Zhu YG, Miller RM (2003) Carbon cycling by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in soil-plant systems. Trends Plant Sci 8:407–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Zocco D, Van Aarle IM, Orger E, Lanfranco L, Declerck S (2011) Fenpropimorph and fenhexamid impact phosphorus translocation by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Mycorrhiza 21:363–374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Zogg GP, Zak DR, Ringelberg DB, White DC, MacDonald NW, Pregitizer KS (1997) Composition and functional shifts in microbial communities due to soil warming. Soil Sci Soc Am J 61:475–481CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sandeep K. Malyan
    • 1
  • Amit Kumar
    • 2
  • Shahar Baram
    • 1
  • Jagdeesh Kumar
    • 3
  • Swati Singh
    • 4
  • Smita S. Kumar
    • 5
  • Ajar Nath Yadav
    • 6
  1. 1.Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Science, The Volcani Research CenterAgricultural Research Organization (ARO)Rishon LeZionIsrael
  2. 2.Host Plant Section, Central Muga Eri Research and Training Institute, Central Silk Board, LahdoigarhAssamIndia
  3. 3.Department of HydrologyIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia
  4. 4.Department of Environmental ScienceChaudhary Charan Singh UniversityMeerutIndia
  5. 5.Center for Rural Development and TechnologyIndian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  6. 6.Department of BiotechnologyAkal College of Agriculture, Eternal UniversityBaru Sahib, SirmourIndia

Personalised recommendations