Role of Fungi in Climate Change Abatement Through Carbon Sequestration

  • Sandeep K. Malyan
  • Amit Kumar
  • Shahar Baram
  • Jagdeesh Kumar
  • Swati Singh
  • Smita S. Kumar
  • Ajar Nath Yadav
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)


Global warming is an important phenomenon responsible for global climate change. The rise in mean air temperature is attributed to the enhanced concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide (CO2), methane, nitrous oxide, and chlorofluorocarbons are the abundant greenhouses gases in the atmosphere. CO2 is the main greenhouse gas accounting for 76% of the total greenhouse effect. Both human activities and natural phenomena are responsible for the rise in atmospheric CO2 concentration. Soil respiration and soil carbon sequestration are considered as the source and sink, respectively, for CO2 gas. The net balance of respiration and sequestration in the soil are responsible for carbon concentration dynamics in the atmosphere. Higher CO2 concentration in the atmosphere is a major culprit behind global threat known as global warming. The CO2 concentration in the atmosphere may be reduced by soil carbon sequestration. Microorganisms including soil fungi enhance the rate of soil carbon sequestration through carbon assimilation from the atmosphere. In soil, fungi assimilate carbon in its hyphae. The amount and rate of carbon sequestration with the help of soil fungi are also affected by age and resilience of hyphae. The higher rate of carbon sequestration in soil may help in mitigating climate change.


Carbon dioxide Carbon sequestration Climate change Fungi 



The financial support to the first author, Sandeep Kumar Malyan, provided by Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Israel, under ARO-Postdoctoral Fellowship-India and China, is highly acknowledged. The authors are also very thankful to the Central MugaEri Research and Training Institute, Central Silk Board, Lahdoigarh, Jorhat-785700, India, for having provided the necessary support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sandeep K. Malyan
    • 1
  • Amit Kumar
    • 2
  • Shahar Baram
    • 1
  • Jagdeesh Kumar
    • 3
  • Swati Singh
    • 4
  • Smita S. Kumar
    • 5
  • Ajar Nath Yadav
    • 6
  1. 1.Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Science, The Volcani Research CenterAgricultural Research Organization (ARO)Rishon LeZionIsrael
  2. 2.Host Plant Section, Central Muga Eri Research and Training Institute, Central Silk Board, LahdoigarhAssamIndia
  3. 3.Department of HydrologyIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia
  4. 4.Department of Environmental ScienceChaudhary Charan Singh UniversityMeerutIndia
  5. 5.Center for Rural Development and TechnologyIndian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  6. 6.Department of BiotechnologyAkal College of Agriculture, Eternal UniversityBaru Sahib, SirmourIndia

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