Recent Developments in Vitreo-Retinal Surgery

  • Sana Idrees
  • Ajay E. Kuriyan
  • Stephen G. Schwartz
  • Jean-Marie Parel
  • Harry W. FlynnJrEmail author


Vitreo-retinal surgical techniques have transformed since the introduction of pars plana vitrectomy in 1970. Advancements include smaller gauge instrumentation, faster cut rates, improved illumination methods, wider-field viewing systems, and the use of various tamponade agents and perfluorocarbon.


Vitreo-retinal surgery Vitrectomy Cannula-trocar Wide-angle viewing Lensectomy Perfluorocarbon Subretinal injection Scleral buckle Tamponade Retinal detachment 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sana Idrees
    • 1
  • Ajay E. Kuriyan
    • 1
  • Stephen G. Schwartz
    • 2
  • Jean-Marie Parel
    • 2
  • Harry W. FlynnJr
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Flaum Eye Institute, University of Rochester Medical CenterRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of MiamiMiamiUSA

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