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Recent Developments in Cornea and Corneal Transplants

  • Caterina Sarnicola
  • Enrica Sarnicola
  • Paolo Perri
  • Vincenzo Sarnicola
Chapter

Abstract

In the last years there have been many developments regarding corneal diseases and treatments.

In this chapter we will discuss some of the most important achievements in this field.

A novel therapy for neurotrophic keratopathy has been recently developed. Moreover, newer strategies have been outlined to identify and treat infectious keratitis. The diagnosis and management of dry eye has also evolved. However, the most revolutionary change was probably in corneal transplantation. Nowadays in most cases it is no longer necessary to perform a penetrating keratoplasty (PK) but it is possible to replace the diseased corneal layer only, performing a lamellar transplant.

Keywords

Neurotrophic keratopathy Corneal infections Dry eye disease Corneal transplant DALK DMEK DSAEK Rho kinase inhibitor Limbal stem cell deficiency Ocular surface transplantation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caterina Sarnicola
    • 1
    • 2
  • Enrica Sarnicola
    • 1
    • 2
  • Paolo Perri
    • 3
  • Vincenzo Sarnicola
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinica degli Occhi SarnicolaGrossetoItaly
  2. 2.Ophthalmology Department IIOspedale San Giovanni Bosco and Ospedale OftalmicoTurinItaly
  3. 3.Department of Biomedical and Specialty Surgical SciencesUniversity of FerraraFerraraItaly

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