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Bluetongue Disease

  • Stefano Cappai
  • Mario Forzan
  • Federica Loi
  • Sandro Rolesu
  • Soufien Sghaier
  • Antonio Petrini
  • Giovanni Savini
  • Alessio LorussoEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Bluetongue (BT) is a noncontagious OIE-listed disease of domestic and wild ruminants caused by a virus (Bluetongue virus—BTV) of the Orbivirus genus within the family Reoviridae and transmitted by biting midges of the genus Culicoides. BT is a considerable socioeconomic concern and of major importance for the international trade of animals and animal products. In the past, BT endemic areas were considered those between latitudes 40 °N and 35 °S; however, BT has spread far beyond this traditional range. BTV has multiple serotypes and these serotypes exist in a complex network of serological cross-relationships, varying from partial to no protection between heterologous strains. This chapter summarizes several aspects of BT and BTV with particular emphasis for BTV epidemiology in Sahelian Africa.

Keywords

Bluetongue Bluetongue virus Epidemiology Sahel Vectors 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefano Cappai
    • 1
  • Mario Forzan
    • 2
  • Federica Loi
    • 1
  • Sandro Rolesu
    • 1
  • Soufien Sghaier
    • 3
  • Antonio Petrini
    • 4
  • Giovanni Savini
    • 4
  • Alessio Lorusso
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della SardegnaCagliariItaly
  2. 2.Department of Veterinary ScienceUniversity of PisaPisaItaly
  3. 3.Laboratoire de virologie, Institut de la Recherche Vétérinaire de Tunisie (IRVT)Univérsité de Tunis El ManarTunisTunisia
  4. 4. OIE Reference Laboratory for BluetongueIstituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell’Abruzzo e del Molise (IZSAM)TeramoItaly

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