The African Sahel Region: An Introduction

  • Moustafa KardjadjEmail author


Armed conflicts, fast-growing populations, extreme poverty, food insecurity, climate change, and epidemics are still raging in the Sahel region, menacing the lives of populations already living on the edge of disaster. Annually, millions of people continue to need urgent help, nearly half of whom are pastoralists and agro-pastoral herders. Transboundary animal diseases (TADs) constitute an important setback to the Sahel economies. They constantly reduce the region’s capacity to achieve food self-sufficiency and pose a significant impediment to national, regional, and international trade in livestock and livestock products. In addition, they prevent the majority of Sahel countries from getting access to highly profitable markets in the connected regions. With increasing globalization, these TADs continue to occur, and therefore, it has become imperative that due attention be given to surveillance leading to the control and eventually eradication of those animal diseases that threaten Africa’s livestock development potential for high-quality products to satisfy domestic need and for export.


Africa Sahel Climate change Transboundary animal diseases Pastoralists 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ecole Supérieure en Science de l’Aliment et des Industries Agro-AlimentaireAlgiersAlgeria
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Recherche «Santé et Productions Animales»Ecole Nationale Supérieure Vétérinaire (ENSV)El-Alia, AlgiersAlgeria

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