What Data Measures Are Used in Study Abroad Research?

  • Christina L. Isabelli-García
  • Casilde A. Isabelli


This chapter begins with a general overview of the different data types that are seen in study abroad research, discussing the differences between elicited and natural language use (comprehension and production) data, data from metalinguistic judgments, and self-report data. What follows is a description of the research measures needed to gather data that is required to investigate study abroad gains. The perspective adopted is that all measures have relative advantages and disadvantages that often complement one another, so converging evidence of more than one kind can reasonably be sought. The chapter concludes with an overall summary as well as questions for reflection and suggestions for further reading.


Elicited language use Metalinguistic judgements Free production 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christina L. Isabelli-García
    • 1
  • Casilde A. Isabelli
    • 2
  1. 1.Gonzaga UniversitySpokaneUSA
  2. 2.University of Nevada, RenoRenoUSA

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