The 1968 Westminster Constitution, the 1972 General Election, and Serious Challenges Confronting Constitutional Monarchism

  • Hlengiwe Portia Dlamini
Part of the African Histories and Modernities book series (AHAM)


This chapter deals with an analysis of Swaziland’s 1968 Westminster Constitution. Neither the African international environment, with its prevailing one-party system, nor the nonchalance of the government with multipartyism favoured the survival of the Independence Constitution. The 1972 general elections compounded matters, as they led to the emergence of the Ngwane National Liberatory Congress (NNLC) as Opposition to the royal Imbokodvo National Movement (INM) government, which had hitherto operated as a de facto one-party state. Attempts at undermining the Opposition in Parliament led to legal wrangling that culminated in the successive defeat of the government in the courts. This chapter highlights the operation of multipartyism in independence Swaziland, and the exercise of the autonomy of the judiciary in a constitutional monarchical system that hurt the traditionalists to the core.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hlengiwe Portia Dlamini
    • 1
  1. 1.University of the Free StateBloemfonteinSouth Africa

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