The Major Players in the Making of the Independence Constitution of Swaziland (Eswatini)

  • Hlengiwe Portia Dlamini
Part of the African Histories and Modernities book series (AHAM)


In this chapter, the author looks at constitution-making in British Africa, discussing the main stakeholders that were expected to be the beneficiaries of the transfer of power after colonial rule. Eswatini’s geo-political location in the belly of apartheid South Africa and its settler colony status made the White settlers, who were the economic mainstay of the territory, important stakeholders who could not be circumvented. The Western-educated elite, otherwise referred to as Progressives, had subscribed to Nkrumah’s radical brand of nationalism and liberal democratic ideals. They stood out for immediate independence, multipartyism, Black majority rule and the nationalization of private property. The traditionalists, in the person of the Swazi monarch and his traditional Swazi National Council, manifested conservative credentials. They supported private property and White-settler economic interests. They clamoured for the political evolution of Swaziland under the monarchy, and enjoyed the support of the White Settlers and South Africa. Constitution-making turned out to be a clash of conflicting ideologies between the traditionalists and their White and South African allies versus the Progressives.



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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hlengiwe Portia Dlamini
    • 1
  1. 1.University of the Free StateBloemfonteinSouth Africa

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