Demographic Profile of Syrians in Jordan and Lebanon

  • Maia SieverdingEmail author
  • Valentina Calderón-Mejía
Part of the European Studies of Population book series (ESPO, volume 20)


Lebanon and Jordan host the second and third largest populations of Syrian refugees in the world. Most Syrians in both countries arrived in 2013–2014 and live in a situation of protracted displacement characterized by high levels of vulnerability. We provide an overview of the policy response to the Syrian refugee influx in Lebanon and Jordan, including entry, registration and education policy. We then use a combination of UNHCR registration data and two household surveys conducted in Jordan and Lebanon, respectively, in 2016 to compare the demographic profiles of the Syrian populations. Syrians in Jordan and Lebanon share broad similarities in their sociodemographic characteristics, including that both populations are overwhelmingly young and have low educational attainment. Differences in the two populations are likely a result of selective migration and the differential effects of refugee policies. In particular, Syrian children in Jordan have higher school enrollment rates than in Lebanon.


Refugee policy Refugee registration Population structure Household structure Educational attainment School enrollment Vulnerability 



We would like to thank UNICEF for providing us with the data on Syrians in Lebanon from the UNICEF 2016 Baseline Survey in Lebanon. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions do not necessarily reflect the views of the UNICEF Lebanon Country Office. The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations. We would also like to thank Nasma Berri for research assistance.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Health Promotion and Community Health, Faculty of Health SciencesAmerican University of BeirutBeirutLebanon
  2. 2.United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western AsiaBeirutLebanon

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