Baseline Demographic Profile of Syria in 2009

  • Marty MasekEmail author
Part of the European Studies of Population book series (ESPO, volume 20)


The current chapter presents basic population characteristics of Syrians before the conflict as a reference for subsequent, country-specific refugee descriptions. Using the nationally representative Syria Family Health Survey administered in 2009, the profile provides standard demographic measures and a detailed examination of educational attainment by age, sex, and geographic location. Sex differences in education decline in younger ages, but sharp geographic contrasts remain. Marital and fertility characteristics also highlight sex and geographic differences by educational attainment. The final sections outline salient political, ethnic, and religious designations and potential rifts present at the beginning of the conflict to inform comparisons of characteristics not measured in the Survey.


Syria Demographic characteristics Education Rural-urban differences Politics and government Religion 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Florida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA

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