Liver Diseases pp 673-678 | Cite as

Ablation of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

  • Lukas BeyerEmail author
  • Lukas Luerken


Ablation is an effective alternative to resection for very early and early stages of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) according to the criteria of the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer Staging System. There is a wide range of ablation techniques, including mono- and multipolar radiofrequency ablation, microwave ablation and irreversible electroporation. In contrast to the other techniques, irreversible electroporation is not temperature-based and can therefore be used in the vicinity of large bile ducts and vessels. For HCC larger than 3 cm, ablation should be combined with transarterial chemoembolization. In recent years, technical developments have contributed to the efficient and curative treatment of at-risk-location and large HCCs, which were previously regarded as “non-ablatable”. Percutaneous ablation can also be successfully used as a bridging technique for liver transplant patients.


HCC Liver metastasis Interventional oncology Ablation 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologyUniversity Hospital RegensburgRegensburgGermany

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