Liver Diseases pp 493-501 | Cite as

Patient-Specific 3D Printing in Liver Disease

  • Zhonghua SunEmail author


Three-dimensional (3D) printing has been increasingly used in medical applications with promising results reported in the literature. 3D printed physical models are shown to be advantageous than traditional visualisation tools in demonstrating complex anatomical structures and offering 3D relationship between normal anatomy and pathology. Evidence of using 3D printed liver models in clinical practice indicates the accuracy of 3D printed models in replicating anatomy and pathology, potential value of 3D printed models in pre-surgical planning, simulation and medical education. This chapter provides an overview of the clinical application of 3D printed models in liver disease. Limitations and future directions of 3D printing in liver disease are also highlighted.


Application Education Hepatocellular carcinoma Liver Model Simulation Surgical planning Three-dimensional printing 



3D printing

A process to produce a solid 3D object from a 3D digital model using different materials enabling creation of customizable or patient-specific geometries or shapes.

Hepatocellular carcinoma

Most common type of primary malignant liver cancer.

Liver transplantation

Treatment option for a diseased liver by replacing it with a healthy liver from another person (donor).


An abnormal mass of tissue growth resulting in swelling or enlargement of a part of the organ or body.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Discipline of Medical Radiation Sciences, School of Molecular and Life SciencesCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia

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