Advertisement

Introduction

  • Marco BaldassariEmail author
  • Giovanni Vezzani
Chapter

Abstract

It is largely recognized that the EU is currently facing the most difficult crisis since its origins. Multiple and diverse internal and external shocks have turned the unification project—which should have brought to a progressive convergence based on functional integration—into a less ambitious intergovernmental bargaining. The European motto of an “ever a closer union” is suffering a lack of effectiveness, while Europe is crossed by different fractures. The latter seem to represent something more than mere epiphenomena, and tend to assume a structural significance. The first of them concerns the divide between debtors and creditors states (North/South fraction, i.e. “core” and “periphery” countries), which reflects the macroeconomic unbalances and tensions that are present in the Eurozone.

References

  1. Fazi, T., & Mitchel, W. (2017). Reclaiming the state: A progressive vision of sovereignty for a post-neoliberal world. London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  2. Gramsci, A. (1971). Selection from the Prison notebooks (Quaderni del carcere n.3). Intl Pub Co Inc.Google Scholar
  3. Krastev, I. (2017). After Europe. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Laclau, E. (2005). On populist reason. London: Verso Books.Google Scholar
  5. Leconte, C. (2010). Understanding euroscepticism. London: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Maffettone, S. (2013). Un mondo migliore. Giustizia globale tra Leviatano e Cosmopoli. Roma: LUISS University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Meny, Y., & Surel, Y. (2001). Democracies and populist challenge. London: Palgrave MacMillan.Google Scholar
  8. Mouffe, C. (2018). For a left populism. London: Verso Books.Google Scholar
  9. Mudde, C., & Rovira Kaltwasser, C. (2017). Populism: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Polanyi, K. (1944). The great transformation. The political and economic origins of our time. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  11. Rawls, J. (2005). Political liberalism. Expanded edition. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Rawls, J., & van Parijs, P. (2003). Three letters on the law of peoples and the European union. In Revue de philosophie écononomique (vol. 7, pp. 7–20).Google Scholar
  13. Urbinati, N. (2014). Democracy disfigured: Opinion, truth and the people. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Zielonka, J. (2018). Counter-revolution: Liberal Europe in retreat. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.European College of ParmaParmaItaly
  2. 2.CSEIA (Center for Studies in European and International Affairs)University of ParmaParmaItaly

Personalised recommendations