Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Bypass and Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest

  • Craig M. McRobbEmail author
  • Scott Lawson
  • Cory Ellis
  • Brian Mejak


The routine use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) began in the 1950s with the successful development of reliable artificial oxygenation devices and the heart-lung machine. Prior to its development, intracardiac repair of even simple congenital heart defects was fraught with peril, and complex repairs were considered nearly impossible. Today, due to major medical advances, pediatric CPB is used safely all over the world, allowing precise repair of most congenital heart defects. This chapter reviews conduct of CPB, blood flow and oxygen delivery through the CPB circuit, weaning from CPB, differences between adult and pediatric CPB, and the technique of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest.


Cardiopulmonary bypass Heart lung machine Hypothermic circulatory arrest Modified ultrafiltration Selective cerebral perfusion 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Craig M. McRobb
    • 1
    Email author
  • Scott Lawson
    • 1
  • Cory Ellis
    • 1
  • Brian Mejak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric PerfusionChildren’s Hospital ColoradoAuroraUSA

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