Imagined Belonging and the Irish Diaspora
This chapter is an attempt to review and assess all of the issues examined previously throughout this work, such as community, identity, proximity, history, Irishness and otherness, and how we imagine belonging. To that end, the concept of imaginaries is employed in order to provide a frame to guide how perceptions of Irishness are reimagined and staged for (global) consumption and what the performance of this identity communicates. This chapter also aims to put paid to the examination provided at the very outset of this work, namely to attempt to better understand how members of the Irish diaspora relate to their homeland, and what exactly distinguishes a diaspora from an Irish community abroad. This chapter attempts to take a further flung view of the mechanics of the diaspora. By way of conclusion, we return to the most commonly imagined expression of Irishness in Belgium in recent years, McDonagh’s In Bruges (2008) and others, and to the issue of what it tells us about how both Belgium is imagined and how Irishness encounters that imaginary.
KeywordsImaginaries In Bruges Otherness Irishness
- Abélès, M., Bellier, I., & McDonald, M. (1993). Approche anthropologique de la Commission Européenne. Bruxelles: Rapport miméo, Commission Européenne.Google Scholar
- An Coimisinéir Teanga. (2013). Tuarascáil Bhliantúil (Annual report). An Spidéal, Co. na Gaillimhe, Éire.Google Scholar
- Anderson, B. (1983). Imagined communities: Reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism. London: Verso.Google Scholar
- Bauman, Z. (2000). Liquid modernity. Cambridge, MA: Polity Press.Google Scholar
- Boland, E. (2012). The emigrant Irish. In G. Benson, J. Chernaik, & C. Herbert (Eds.), World: Poems on the underground. London: Underground Companies.Google Scholar
- Cappock, M. (Ed.). (2013). Changing states: Contemporary Irish Art & Francis Bacon’s Studio. Dublin: Irish Museum of Modern Art, IMMA Publishers.Google Scholar
- Castoriadis, C. (1987 ). The imaginary institution of society (K. Blamey, Trans.). Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Cohen, R., & Kennedy, P. (2000). Global sociology. Hamphire: Palgrave.Google Scholar
- Cronin, M., & Adair, D. (2002). The wearing of the green: A history of St. Patrick’s Day. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- DoT. (2010). Traffic signs manual, the department of transportation. http://www.dttas.ie/sites/default/files/publications/roads/english/traffic-signs-manual-2010/traffic-signs-manual-2010-chapter-1-introduction-and-sign-location.pdf. Accessed 17 June 2019.
- Hall, S. (1990). Cultural identity and diaspora. In J. Rutherford (Ed.), Identity: Community, culture, difference (pp. 222–237). London: Lawrence & Wishart.Google Scholar
- Hope, A. (2009). Get ‘em young: Mapping young people’s exposure to alcohol marketing in Ireland. Dublin: National Youth Council of Ireland.Google Scholar
- Jenkins, R. (2002). Imagined but not imaginary: Ethnicity and nationalism in the modern world. In J. MacClancy (Ed.), Exotic no more: Anthropology on the front lines (pp. 114–128). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Kelly-Holmes, H. (2010). Language trends: Reflexivity in commercial language policies and practices. Applied Linguistics Review, 1(1), 67–84.Google Scholar
- Kilberd, D. (1995). Inventing Ireland: The literature of the modern nation. London: Jonathan Cape.Google Scholar
- Lacan, J. (1977 ). Écrits: A selection (A. Sheridan, Trans., pp. 30–113). New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
- Leite, N. (2014). Afterword: Locating imaginaries in the anthropology of tourism. In N. Salazar & N. Graburn (Eds.), Tourism imaginaries: Anthropological approaches (pp. 260–273). Oxford: Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
- Meyvis, L. (2000). A rediscovery: The history and future of the Irish College. Campuskrant International, November 8, 2000.Google Scholar
- Miley, J. (2014). One year, hundreds of umissable events. What a time we’ve had! Available online: http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/7afcf26c#/7afcf26c/4.
- Nagy, R., Maclean, N., & O’Sullivan, D. (2013). More than just a football club, in the heart of Brussels. In M. Korpela & F. Dervin (Eds.), Cocoon communities: Togetherness in the 21st century (pp. 123–142). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Niemann, N. (2013). Vanishing Ireland. Available online: http://www.vanishingireland.com.
- Rains, S., & Negra, D. (2006). Irish roots: Genealogy and the performance of Irishnes. In D. Negra (Ed.), The Irish in us: Irishness, performativity, and popular culture. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
- Said, E. (1978). Orientalism. London, UK: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
- Salazar, N. B., & Graburn, N. (Eds.). (2014). Tourism imaginaries: Anthropological approaches. Oxford: Berghahn.Google Scholar
- Toerisme Vlaanderen. (2012). Toerisme in Cijfers XL, Vlaanderen, August 2012. http://www.toerismevlaanderen.be/toerisme-cijfers-2012-xl.
- Toerisme Vlaanderen. (2014). Toerisme in Cijfers XL, Vlaanderen, 2014. http://www.toerismevlaanderen.be/toerisme-cijfers-2014-xl.