The Orthodox Church of Greece
The Greek Orthodox Church has a crucial role in identifying “Greekness” in a quite exclusionary manner. Today the Church combats secularization by using a religious discourse, and Westernization by using a nationalist discourse, viewing itself as the guardian of Greek identity. Aligning itself with the right and extreme right wing’s policies, it has come into conflict with leftist governments from time to time—the dispute on the removal of the religion section in the identity cards being the most serious one, there has never been a hostile stance toward the Church from any Greek political party. Having said that, the adherents of the other faiths in Greece are still deprived of many of their rights and even though tolerant voices can be heard from clergymen from time to time, the Church of Greece does not differ considerably from other Orthodox Churches in its negative approach toward LGBTQ rights.